Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Liste des figures du chaos primordial: la cartographie (exit the monopoly of academic philosophic priesthood)




The genesis of infinite caves: "... branche d'inflexion, élément du labyrinthe, qui fait du nombre irrationnel, à la rencontre de la courbe et de la droite, un point-pli..." (Le pli, p. 24);
Pierre Boulez's Le Marteau sans maître;

"Thus it is only the contradiction at its climax which breaks eternity, and, instead of one eternity, posits a succession of eternities (aeons) or times. But just this succession of eternities is what we commonly call time. Therefore eternity opens out into time in this decision."
Schelling, Ages of the World (translation by Frederick Bolman)

"... le chaos demeure à jamais impondérable et incommensurable... Cet être-néant ou ce néant-être est le concept non-conceptuel de la non-contradition"
Paul Klee (traduction par Pierre-Henri Gonthier)

"And just as evolution gives us a smooth picture of our past, the doctrine of causality, by linking all phenomena into one continuous chain, safeguards our future against all spontaneous disturbances and protects us against the horror of chaos..."
Tobias Dantzig

"In general, Deleuze will locate the conditions of sensibility in an intensive conception of space and a virtual conception of time, which are necessarily actualized in a plurality of spaces and a complex rhythm of times (for instance, in the non-extended spaces and non-linear times of modern mathematics and physics)."

"... ce qu'Artaud appelle proprement 'l'au-delà de l'être', en maniant cette expression de Platon (qu'Artaud n'a pas manqué de lire) dans un style nietzschéen..."
Jaques Derrida, La clôture de la représentation

"Mais comment faire comprendre à un savant qu'il y a quelque chose de définitivement déréglé dans le calcul différentiel, la théorie des quanta, ou les obscènes et si niaisement liturgiques ordalies de la précession des équinoxes..."
A. Artaud
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Dans Qu’est-ce que la philosophie***:
- Apeiron (p. 46);
- L’Achéron (p. 190); 
- Abîme indifférencié (p. 195);
- Océan de la dissemblance (p. 195); 

Figures de la duplicité:
- étendue/pensée (Spinoza) (p. 50);
- «mouvement infini d’une matière qui ne cesse de se propager»/ «image de la pensée qui ne cesse d’essaimer partout une pure conscience en droit» (Bergson) (p. 50);
***Gilles Deleuze & Félix Guattari, Qu'est-ce que la philosophie? (Paris, Les Éditions de Minuit, 1991/2005).

Dans Logique du sens****:
Figures de la duplicité:
- «identité infini des deux sens à la fois » (p. 10);
- «l’événement infiniment divisible... les deux ensemble» (p. 17);
- «manger ou parler» (p. 36);
- «mot ésotérique... aliquid non identifiable... Snark» (p. 39, 59);
- Bloom/Ulysses (Joyce), Roberte-intensité (Klossowski), animaux pendus/bouches féminines (Gombrowicz) (p. 53);
- la lettre (Poe-Lacan) (p. 54);
- mots-valises ramifiantes (p. 62);
- «valeurs phonétiques blessantes», «valeurs toniques inarticulées» (p. 110);
- «corps-passoire», «corps glorieux et sans organes» (p. 154);
- fêlure (?) (Fitzgerald) (p. 181);
- «instance paradoxale toujours déplacée» (p. 206);
- «centre excentrique éternellement décentré» (p. 206);
- «profondeur creuse... mélange de fragments durs et solides», «profondeur pleine... liquide, fluide et parfait» (p. 220);
- dénégation (Freud) (p. 242);
- «aliquid qui est... attribut noématique et exprimable noétique» (Husserl) (p. 257);
- «série prégénitale», «série œdipiene» (p. 263);
- «dévorer et penser... la lutte de la bouche et du cerveau» (p. 280);
- «puissance apte à réfléctir e à dédoubler» (p. 330);
- «le dilemme en cascade et le geste en suspens» (p. 331);
- «plus haute puissance de l’inéchangeable» (p. 334);
- «intensité du Différent... intensités pures, hausses et chutes» (p. 335);
- «la scène figée... avènement des ‘esprits’» (p. 335-36);
- «fluctuations formant comme des figures à la crête des ondes» (p. 345);
****Gilles Deleuze, Logique du sens (Paris, Les Éditions de Minuit, 1969).

(D'après Logique du sens:)
Le chaos primordial doit être aussi le (non-)lieu du «présent vivant» des corps (Chronos) et de «l’Aiôn illimité» des «incorporels» [l’Aiôn illimité c’est le «devenir qui se divise à l’infin en passé et en futur, toujours esquivant le présent»] (Logique du sens, p. 13-14, 77-78). Il est le «champ transcendantal» des «émissions de singularités» en «distribution nômade», «le monde fourmillant des singularités anonymes et nômades, impersonnelles, pré-individuelles» (Simondon) (p. 124-26, 208, 249). Il est la «machine dionysiaque» (Nietzsche) (p. 130), le «chaosmos» (p. 206), et peut-être aussi «habit d’Arlequin» (p. 229).
Figures des incorporels: «événements», «impassibles» (Logique du sens, p. 13), «phantasmes» (p. 17), «objectités idéelles (Kant) qui ont un minimum d’être» (p. 72), «cas fortuit» (Klossowski) (p. 209), «Eventum tantum» (p. 210), «bon objet de la position dépressive en hauteur» (Klein/Platon) (p. 225), phallus (Lacan) (p. 233), Image (p. 241), «vérités éternelles» (p. 257, 272), Radiancy (Carroll) (p. 280), «fulguration de l’univoque» (p. 290).
Figures des corporels: «corps-passoire», «corps glorieux et sans organes» (Logique du sens, p. 110, 113, 154); «fragments durs et solides», «liquide» (p. 220); «monde de la profondeur orale-anal-uréthrale» (p. 231).
Figures ni des incorporels ni des corporels: «(émissions de) singularités» (Logique du sens, p. 124, 208, 249), «orifice-orifices» (p. 229-30), «atomes» (Epicures, Lucrèce) (p. 311).
Figure de la magie: «contre-effectuation» (Logique du sens, p. 247, 258, 290).
Figures des héros: Hercule (Logique du sens, p. 157), Œdipe (p. 234, 237), «le patient penseur» (p. 258), «l’artiste... le roman comme œvre d’art» (p. 277).
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Qu’est-ce que le renversement du platonisme?
Essais d’explication: «le génie d’une philosophie se mesure d’abord aux nouvelles distributions qu’elle impose aux êtres et aux concepts» (Logique du sens, p.15); «les événements ont-ils une vérité eternelle, et leur temps n’est jamais le présent qui les effectue et les fait exister, mais l’Aiôn illimité... renverser le platonisme, c’est d’abord destituer les essences pour y substituer les événements... Une double lutte a pour objet d’empêcher toute confusion dogmatique de l’événement avec l’essence, mais aussi toute confusion empiriste de l’événement avec l’accident» (p. 68-69); «Aussi y a-t-il une forme primordiale d’ironie platonicienne, redressant la hauteur, la dégageant de la profondeur, refoulant et traquant la satire ou les satiriques, mettant précisément toute son ‘ironie’ à demander si par hasard il y aurait une Idée de la boue, du poil, de la crasse ou de l’excrément...» (p. 288); "La tâche de la philosophie moderne a été définie: renversement du platonisme. Que ce renversement conserve beaucoup de caractères platoniciens n'est pas seulement inévitable, mais souhaitable... le monde héraclitéen gronde dans le platonisme... L'Idée n'est pas encore un concept d'objet qui soumet le monde aux exigences de la représentation, mais bien plutôt une présence brute qui ne peut être évoque dans le monde qu'en fonction de ce qui n'est pas 'representable' dans les choses... division sans médiation... procédé qui saute d'une singularité à une autre..." (Différence et répétition, p. 82-83); "ce qui participe, et qui participe plus ou moins, à des degrés divers, est nécessairement un prétendant... Le principe qui fonde est comme l'imparticipable, mais qui donne quelque chose à participer... lignées en profondeur... participation élective..." (87) "le Menon n'expose la réminiscence qu'en rapport avec un problème géometrique, qu'il faut comprendre avant de résoudre... probleme et question... le 'non' exprime quelque chose d'autre que le négatif..." [incomensurability in the Pythagorean theorem] (88).
(Deleuze encore:) "Platon a assigné le but suprême de la dialectique: faire la différence. Seulement celle-ci n'est pas entre le modèle et les copies... le simulacre est la forme supérieure, et le difficile pour toute chose est d'atteindre à son propre simulacre, à son état de signe... la puissance s'affirme du chaos lui-même... et l'éternel retour... Ne fallait-pas que Platon pousse l'ironie jusque-lá... a cette parodie? Platon fût le premier à renverser le platonime..." (Différence et répétition, p. 93);
Pour Foucault: «Platon, père excessif et défaillant», «... tu rêveras d’une histoire générale de la philosophie qui serait une fantasmatique platonicienne» (‘Theatrum Philosophicum’, Dits et écrits, 1970, p. 944). 
Pour Heidegger: "Was geschieht, wenn di wahre Welt abgeschafft wird? Bleibt dann noch die scheinbare Welt? Nein. Denn die scheinbare Welt kann das, was sie ist, nur sein als das Gegenstück zur wahren. Wenn diese fällt, muß auch die scheinbare fallen. Erst dann ist der Platonismus überwunden..." (‘Nietzsches Umdrehung des Platonismus’, Nietzsche, Erster Band) [traduction de Pierre Klossowski: «Que se passe-t-il, si le monde vrai est liquidé? Le monde apparent peut-il encore subsister? Non point! Car le monde apparent ne peut autrement être ce qu’il est qu’en tant que contrepartie du monde vrai. Si celui-ci disparaît, il faut que le monde apparent disparaisse avec lui. C’est alors seulement que l’on aura surmonté le platonisme»].
Pedestrian Ian Hacking: "No ghost more effectively haunts all Western philosophy than Plato's... Many have posed as exorcists, but none have succeeded" (Why is there philosophy of mathematics at all?).
Constantine Constantius (translated by M. G. Piety): "When one lacks the categories of recollection and repetition, all of life is dissolved into an empty, meaningless noise. Recollection is the Greek view of life, repetition the modern. Repetition is the interest of metaphysics, and also the interest upon which metaphysics becomes stranded." 
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Autres figures:
- "le Tout": "n'est pas un ensemble... [mais] le fil qui traverse les ensembles, et donne à chacun la possibilité nécessairement réalisée de communiquer avec un autre, à l'infini", "l'Ouvert [qui] renvoie au temps ou même a l'esprit plutôt qu'à la matière et à l'espace" (L'Image-Mouvement, p. 29), "la durée" (p. 32);

***See also:

And also:

*****Excerpts from a Michèle Lamy & GAIKA interview (Dazed, March 2018): 
"I always want to explore ‘radical luxury’ – I mean, I like radical more than I like luxury, and it’s very nice to be able to combine art and the commercial, but it’s one thing to say something, but you need to demonstrate it with the theme. And so we have the collection upstairs and this here (the boxing studio)." 
"For me it’s about equality, it’s about honesty. It’s about all these things where I can’t accept the alternative. Like some of the things we just seem to accept in the world as normal. Misogyny, racism, intolerance, you know, we have conversations surrounding these things in the media all the time, but nothing’s changing. And when you think about it, it’s pretty abhorrent. You know, you have to tell men not to rape people, like, including people who supposedly run the world, they have to be told not to rape…"
"I think boxing is a good metaphor for the fight we face and how we should be fighting it. You know, boxing is one-on-one. You look your opponent in the eyes and there are a lot of rules and and there is a lot of respect, traditionally. You know, it brings in a lot of different people; you take people off the street, and kids, and people from all different walks of life, and you see people realise themselves and their potential in the boxing ring. Instead of taking a gun and shooting 20 people in anger, you can be measured and see how to be strong and how to stand for yourself as an individual here."
"The world’s changing and I think the power in the world is shifting and changing. It’s shifting away from the West, it’s shifting away from men, and you’ve got one of two reactions: accept the world is changing and be part of it, or build walls, physically or metaphorically to stop it and to block it out... Yeah, to be like Trump and his wall, you know, in the White House cowering thinking ‘we are the last supreme white beings’, sitting there with his finger on the nuclear button... So extreme. You know, I think that it (Trump’s appointment) made a lot of people wake up..."
"You know, it never really made sense to me – the massive amount of inequality in the world just seems unnecessary. It just doesn’t seem like an efficient way to keep the world turning if you think of it as a machine or a structure. It’s purely about ego as far as I can tell, it’s not even just about the material side of things or money, it’s about dominance."
"... since the dawn of the internet, and people being constantly connected to these violent images every minute, every second, it’s important that the press change too. The media should be analysing themselves and changing the way they do things. I want to see unbiased opinions, I don’t want to see left-wing newspapers or right-wing newspapers. I want to see a tribune that covers it all in a fair way..." Michèle Lamy and GAIKA go head to head on the fight for the future (Dazed, 2018);

Monday, March 28, 2016

Structuralism, Poststructuralism: ligne de fuite (away from the monopoly of academic philosophical priesthood)


"... he is neither first nor last nor only nor alone in a series originating in and repeated to infinity."
James Joyce, Ulysses

There is too much fuss over the difference between structuralist and poststructuralist approaches. This is a problem of secondary literature (it means only that less gifted thinkers will always make money out of more gifted ones by creating pseudo-problems, which is how the monopoly of academic philosophical priesthood works). 
In their own works, authors such as Derrida, Deleuze and Julia Kristeva often recognize the importance of the works of their illustrious “predecessors”: Lévi-Strauss, Lacan and Barthes. 
The point at issue is this: structuralism focuses on the dimension that Kristeva calls “thétique” which comprises l’ordre de la langue. This dimension emerges only after one reaches the threshold of Lacan’s mirror stage (and Freud’s Verneinung), when the real is symbolically organized (through what Saussure calls langue) (Kristeva, La révolution du langage poétique, p. 41-49, 70-71; cf. Deleuze, Logique du sens, p. 99). Poststructuralist authors are more interested in how this dimension emerges (genealogy), and in what remains “behind” it, its “inside-out” (psychoanalytic primary processes, lignes de fuitecorps sans organes, differences, singularités, événements). But the two perspectives are in no way incompatible: a structure is nothing but the articulation of two heterogeneous series (of irreducible differences) connected by a signifiant flottant (Deleuze, Logique du sens, p. 65-66, cf. 88-90).

***The concept of a “sorgente” [data source], introduced by Umberto Eco in La Struttura Assente (p. 353), is also not incompatible with this scenery, but it impoverishes it pretty much. This is because it reduces the idea of a signifiant flottant to a merely positive, productive source, thereby erasing (covering up) its more paradoxical features (the irreducible heterogeneity of the series lying behind it). This happens because Eco’s semiotics operates, again, merely in a “thetic” dimension—but in a much more old fashioned way (hermeneutically, dialectically, phenomenologically), actually betraying the most daring implications brought up by structuralism since Saussure. Eco’s “operative hypothesis” (La Struttura Assente, p. 380) depends on naively assigning to historical subjects precisely the kind of “autonomy” that structuralism (and psychoanalysis) uncovers as illusory to a great extent.

See also:
- Liste des figures du chaos primordial;
- Pier Paolo Pasolini & Deconstruction;
- Structuralism, Poststructuralism;
- Favorite quotes from Detlev Claussen's Theodor W. Adorno;
- Sur les premiers chapitres d’Esthétique et théorie du roman;
- Umberto Eco about Nietzsche;
And also:
- Concretos &/ou Brazilian Inteligentsia;
- Eduardo Viveiros de Castro: Brazilian Perspectivism?
- Poème du retour (Leminski/Nietzsche);
- Augusto Meyer & Machado de Assis;

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Instead of revolution: démontage











John Heartfield
Millions Stand Behind Me! (1932)
image from Matthew Gale's Dada & Surrealism
Jean-Michel Basquiat
Five Thousand Dollars (1982)
image from Leonhard Emmerling's Basquiat

***The Super-Rich and Us (Jacques Peretti, BBC);
Jeunes médecins exploités/Étudiants précarisés (Laurent Mathieu/Questions à la une, TV5);
Rutger Bregman at Davos (2019);
Alex Winter's "The Panama Papers";
Owen Jones interview Margaret Hodge: tax evasion;
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"...il y a des règles qui sont les règles de démontage, où l'on ne sait plus très bien si la soumission ne cache pas la plus grande révolte, et si le combat n'implique pas la pire adhésion..." (Deleuze & Guattari, Pour une littérature mineure).
→ That is, la révolution doit être « permanente » (Deleuze, Logique du sens 64; cf. Derrida, Spectres de Marx 62), elle n’est pas un simple renversement ou remplacement total. Le vrai révolutionnaire n'est pas le radical, le impatient.

***The Ultra-Rich (99,9999%): "The one percent... covered a lot of people. Most were professionals and managers who lacked much power on their own. Bloomberg's new 'billionaires team' would focus only on the top 0.0001 percent, a thin slice ofo humanity whose combined wealth, at four and a half trillion dollars, could pay off the entire public debt of Germany and the UK combined" (Alex Cuadros, Brazillionaires).
- Terrorism and anti-terrorism (state of exception) strengthen the system (Fassbinder, Die Dritte Generation);
- Black bloc tactics risk pretty much to do the same: "This is the free market itself. These people are a fantasy generated by the market. They don’t exist outside the market. There is nowhere they can go to be on the outside. There is no outside"—Vija Kinski about protesters in Don DeLillo’s Cosmopolis;
What about economic policies such as the ones that have been adopted by the Workers Party (PT) in Brazil? People still take for granted that—under all circumstances—it is better to give one's life for a smartphone than to die in poverty. But this is rather a false dilemma, and the right wing is not to be trusted either (Glenn Greenwald and the Intercept have shown how swinish the right wing in Brazil can be).

"... such a competition was only... a concession to that still prevailing national principle according to which mankind is a family of nations vying for excellence, or to the liberal belief that competition will automatically set up its own stabilizing predetermined limits before one competitor has liquidated all the others. This happy balance, however, had hardly been the inevitable outcome of mysterious economic laws, but had relied heavily on political, and even more on police institutions that prevented competitors from using revolvers... competition is no more a principle of politics than expansion, and needs political power just as badly for control and restraint" (Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism).
"The Banker should discover the real meaning of his existence, the real motive which led him to choose that profession. He should understand banking as a necessary factor in the economic existence of mankind, instead of as merely a business whose objects are independent of the general welfare. He should learn to distinguish false values from real, and to act not on accidental fluctuations but on considerations of essential importance" (Aleister Crowley, Magic in Theory and Practice).
"The rules of international markets should be radically reformed by establishing a minimal but efficient active regulation of these markets. Such regulation of international markets should be managed in a non-bureaucratic and accountable way and should ensure the active and democratic participation of all countries in the decision-making process and its application. In any case, the process of deregulation should comply with the environmental and social constraints that buttress the sustainability of world development" (Simone Borghesi & Alessandro Vercelli, "Susteinable Globalization").
'... the urgent task that democrats and liberals must embrace is this: bursting the bubbles we live in... Data collected in France and Germany reveals that the reason why citizens who are drawn to populist parties hold grudges against the “media and politics”, is because they adopt an “agenda” that doesn’t at all fit their concerns. Those main concerns are “precarious working conditions, worries about money and declining social infrastructure”,' Can Emmanuel Macron’s ‘great national debate’ save his presidency? (The Guardian);
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James Joyce, Ulysses:
" — But what Shakespeare say? Put but money in thy purse.
— Iago, Stephen murmured."
"I want to see, concluded Bloom, all creeds and classes pro rata having a comfortable tidysized income... That's the vital issue at stake and it's feasible..."

Ezra Pound (from Canto XLV):
"Usura slayeth the child in the womb
It stayeth the young man's courting
It hath brought palsey to bed, lyeth
between the young bride and her bridegroom
CONTRA NATURAM
They have brought whores for Eleusis
Corpses are set to banquet
at behest of usura."

e. e. cummings:
" ...(and if
he she it or everybody gets a
bellyful without
lifting my finger i say to hell
with that i
say that doesn't matter) but
if somebody
or you are beautiful or
deep or generous what
i say is
whistle that
sing that yell that spell
that out big (bigger than cosmic 
rays war earthquakes famine..."

"... to use a term introduced by Braudel, capitalism has always been an 'antimarket'"
Manuel De Landa (paper)
"Mais que seraient les Lumières sans le marché?"
Jacques Derrida
"...pues cree que esa liquidación será una mera sustitución..."
Morelli/Julio Cortázar
"sang frais et français"
Marcel Duchamp
"Qu'est-ce qu'un art révolutionnaire? à quelle époque cesse sa révolution?"
Gauguin
"Le surréalisme doit être conçu comme une dynamique dont aujourd'hui le vecteur n'est pas à chercher dans la Révolution surréaliste, mais dans la Brèche" 
"When the revolutionary exploits men's urge to downward self-transcendence, he exploits it to the frantic and demoniac limit."
A. Huxley
"When you set up a revolution... the neuro chemistry runs the show and eventually, you end with the Mafia."
David Bohm (interview)
"Les crimes et autres passages à l'acte plus ou moins agressifs ne sont que des ratages du symbole, ils signent un échec du matricide imaginaire qui, seul, ouvre la voie à la pensée."
J. Kristeva
"On ne saurait trop insister sur le point suivant: combien les notions de lutte, de guerre, de rivalité ou même de comparaison sont étrangères à Nietzsche et à sa conception de la volonté de puissance."
G. Deleuze
"... a new era may perfectly naturally arrive in which the St. Vitus' dance of money-making and ambition will cease to be the chief end of existence..."
Edward Carpenter
"... proliferation not only immediately precedes revolutions, but it is there all the time..."
Paul Feyerabend, Consolations for the Specialist
"... it is not necessary or even desirable to seek to "overthrow capitalism," as protestors often suggest..."
Colin Tudge (the World Food Club)

"... d'une économie politique tyrannique... la administration de la peur publique se déplaçant du champ de bataille du passé en direction du marché, autrement dit d'une vie quotidienne bientôt rendue impossible..."
Paul Virilio
"Felicità Eterna is a resplendently beautiful, blonde young woman whose nudity denotes her contempt for perishable earthly things... Felicità Breve is a lady whose dress yellow and white signifies satisfaction. She is adorned with precious stones and holding a vessel full of gold and gems."
Panofsky

"Modern society... sacrificed private property whenever it came into conflict with the accumulation of wealth... Proudhon presents property in its 'egoist, satanic nature' as the 'most efficient means to resist despotism...'"
Hannah Arendt
"The present way of running the economy on neo-liberal principles is a sure recipe for disaster."
Edy Korthals Altes (The Present Economic Order)
"... all the one-dimensional people with their one-dimensional possessions were lined up along this single dimension like long, thin beads strung out along a thread..."
Lisa Randall

Films related:
The Panama Papers (Alex Winters);
I, Daniel Blake (Ken Loach, 2016)
The Big Short (Adam McKay, 2015);
Um Sonho Intenso (José Mariani, 2014);
The Wolf of Wall Street (Scorsese, 2013);
Le Capital (Costa-Gravas, 2012);
Inside Job (Charles Ferguson, 2010);
- El método (Marcelo Piñeyro, 2005);

Panama Papers:
"The System is Rigged," Salon
article par Eva Joly dans Le Monde Diplomatique
Other material:
**1000 milliards d'euros : le coût de l'évasion fiscale (La Tribune);
** Raghuram Rajan says capitalism is únder serious threat' (BBC News)
**'This is about saving capitalism': the Dutch historian who savaged Davos elite (The Guardian);
**David Attenborough tells Davos: ‘The Garden of Eden is no more’ (The Guardian);
**Gilets jaunes: are nationalists infiltrating the yellow vests? (BBC);
**A Giant Pile of Money (The Intercept);
**Elizabeth Warren. v. the District of Corruption (The Intercept)
**Myths of the 1 Percent (The New York Times);
**What are the Paradise Papers and what do they tell us? (The Guardian)
**Why we are shining a light on the world of tax heavens again (The Guardian)
** IMF: higher taxes for rich will cut inequality without hitting growth (The Guardian)
**Power, Ilness, Homelessness: no Wonder McDonald's UK Workers are going to strike (The Guardian);  
**America's geography of wealth: the shrinking urban middle class visualised (The Guardian);  
** America has become so anti-innovation, it is economic suicide (The Guardian)
** World's eight richest people have same wealth as poorest 50% (The Guardian)
**Aid in reverse: how poor countries develop rich countries (The Guardian)
**The art and science of economics at Cambridge (The Economist);
**Roberto Saviano: London is heart of global financial corruption (The Guardian);
**It is time to junk the flawed economic models that make the world a dangerous place (The Guardian);
**Neoliberalism: the ideology at the root of all our problems (The Guardian);
**Nasa-funded study: industrial civilisation headed for 'irreversible collapse'? (The Guardian);
**Dívida Pública: o veículo para roubo de recursos públicos;
**Sobre a ideia brilhante de suspensão da dívida como política anticíclica (José Luis Oreiro);
**The death of neoliberalism (The Guardian);
**The great Greek bank robery (Yanis Varoufakis);

In this Blog, see also: 
Inside Job
El Estudiante
Godard's Sympathy for the Devil
Pier Paolo Pasolini
And also: 
American "Liberal" Hell;
right truths to slay the enemy
Environmental Issue (Brazil);
Blue Crab/ Siri Azul (Torres, Brazil, Jan 2019);
Who Wants to Be the World's 5th Largest Economy?
Banality of Evil in Brazil;
Brazil after Rousseff's Impeachment;
A Place Where Everything Is Permitted;
List of Infamous Brazilian Esquerdofrênicos;
Humanitarian Rhetoric;
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Les “gilets jaunes”, c'est nous»
"Juliette Binoche, Emmanuelle Béart, Edouard Louis, Alain Damasio... Autant de personnalités qui apportent leur soutien à un mouvement «sans précédent dans l’histoire». Un mouvement qui représente tous les métiers de la culture. Un mouvement que le pouvoir cherche à discréditer et réprime sévèrement alors que la violence la plus menaçante est économique et sociale...
Un mouvement qui réclame des choses essentielles : une démocratie plus directe, une plus grande justice sociale et fiscale, des mesures radicales face à l’état d’urgence écologique... Le bilan de la répression s’aggrave chaque semaine. Au 19 avril, on recensait 1 décès, 248 blessé·e·s à la tête, 23 éborgné·e·s, 5 mains arrachées chez les manifestant·e·s. C’est indigne de notre République. Et nous ne sommes pas les premier·e·s à le dénoncer : Amnesty International, la Ligue des droits de l’homme, l’ONU, l’Union européenne, le Défenseur des droits, tou·te·s condamnent les violences poli­cières sur les gilets jaunes en France," "Gilets jaunes : nous ne sommes pas dupes!"(Liberation 04/05/2019);

On the Ecological Apocalipse and how to avoid it: 
"For Isra, when it comes to discussing the environment, it’s crucial to talk about environmental racism – i.e., environmental and climate change issues that specifically affect black and brown communities. “There’s a pipeline being built in my state (Minnesota) and it’s going straight through indigenous treaty lands and sacred wild rice beds,” she explains. “This pipeline will destroy their water and their sacred wild rice and also just ruin their land. Some places are more privileged than others.” More than anything, we should make sure people “recognise their privilege in the movement”."
"As far as US Youth Climate Strike is concerned, Isra says, “we try and avoid things like sit-ins or a lot of marches, only because we deal with so many minors – we don’t want any of them to get arrested – especially with youth of colour. We try and focus on really safe forms of activism so everybody can participate.”"
"Everybody gets there at their own pace. It took me some time – it probably takes everybody some time. And whether or not you get media coverage or you get a great response it doesn’t mean what you’re doing is wrong. You should know what’s best for you and what you believe in, and nobody should be able to tell you any different.”"
"“It is a lot to handle, and it’s a full-time job,” says Isra, who is a high school student, juggling her school work along with her activism. “You have to make sure you balance time and that you get your priorities right.” Self-care is a must. “There are so many things that need to be tackled, but also you come first – make sure that you are OK enough to partake in that activism,”" "How to fight for climate action, according to Isra Hirsi" (Niellah Arboine/Dazed, 05/13/2019);
'The political class, as anyone who has followed its progress over the past three years can surely now see, is chaotic, unwilling and, in isolation, strategically incapable of addressing even short-term crises, let alone a vast existential predicament.'
'Even when broadcasters cover these issues, they carefully avoid any mention of power, talking about environmental collapse as if it is driven by mysterious, passive forces, and proposing microscopic fixes for vast structural problems. The BBC’s Blue Planet Live series exemplified this tendency.'
'Our system – characterised by perpetual economic growth on a planet that is not growing – will inevitably implode.'
'... for a peaceful mass movement to succeed, a maximum of 3.5% of the population needs to mobilise.'
'When a committed and vocal 3.5% unites behind the demand for a new system, the social avalanche that follows becomes irresistible,' "Only rebellion will prevent an ecological apocalypse" (George Monbiot, The Guardian, 04/15/2019);
'“We have shown that we are strong, we are determined,” she said. “I have never – I’ve been a police officer for 36 years – I have never known an operation, a single operation, in which over 700 people have been arrested.''Max Wedderburn, a 13-year-old from Milton Keynes, addressed crowds at the bridge and received cheers and applause. “We are getting bigger, we are getting stronger, we are gathering momentum. Together we can change the future,” he said.'
'Speaking afterwards, he said he became inspired to fight against climate change after learning about it from his mother. He explained: “My lifelong dream is to become a zoologist but I feel there is no point if half of the animals are all dead by the time I reach that goal.”'
'Around 20 activists, most of them aged under 17, had staged a brief demonstration on roads near Heathrow Airport on Friday morning and were arrested. “One thing that is unusual about this demonstration is the willingness of those participating to be arrested and also their lack of resistance to the arrests,” said a spokesperson,' "Extinction Rebellion: More than 750 protesters arrested as climate change activists block London roads for sixth day" (Independent, 04/21/2019);
- Extinction Rebelion;
- UK Student Climate Network/ Youth Strike For Climate (YS4C);

On Mass Surveillance & Misinformaton Wars: 
Mass Surveillance: 
"The NSA and GCHQ, whose collaboration is at the heart of the US and British "special relationship", have been central to that for decades. Their global eavesdropping role is the cornerstone of the 'five eyes' alliance of anglophone states (including Australia, Canada and New Zealand) which underpins US-dominated western global power. Both agencies were founded to spy on the rest of the world, but ended up also targeting their own people."
"Corporations have long been hand in glove with the secret state, working with the security services to this day to blacklist trade unionists and funding covert labour movement organisations during the cold war. What's changed is that communication is in the hands of the corporations. And the companies whose servers are vacuumed up by Prism are a roll call of US internet giants, from Google to YouTube."
"The leaked NSA documents say the companies collaborate, which they deny. But any idea that these tax-dodging behemoths represent a new form of libertarian democratic cool has now been comprehensively exposed as yesterday's marketing guff."
"... the NSA and GCHQ, along with their sister spying outfits, are fuelling as much as fighting terrorism. It is they who provide the intelligence for drone attacks that have killed thousands of civilians in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen and Somalia. A Pakistani man is currently taking a case to the court of appeal against GCHQ for allegedly providing the "intelligence" for a CIA drone strike that killed his father."
"And it's the same US and British intelligence services that have been involved in widespread torture, kidnapping and other crimes in the past decade – as well as scandalous intelligence manipulation over Iraqi weapons of mass destruction – who now claim to be protecting us from some of the consequences."
"At home, GCHQ and the NSA were mobilised to conduct spying and dirty tricks operations against the 1980s British miners'strike, while in the 1970s the US Senate Church committee exposed systematic abuse of US eavesdropping powers against civil rights and anti-war activists (along with assassination abroad)," "NSA and GCHQ: mass surveillance is about power as much as privacy" (Seumas Milne, The Guardian, 06/11/2013);

Ultimate piece on Snowden and his ring (written by a woman):
"[In five years since Edward Snowden’s revelations about NSA surveillance], we’ve learned much more about how Big Tech was not only sharing data with the NSA but collecting vast troves of information about us for its own purposes. And we’ve started to see the strategic ends to which Big Data can be put. In that sense, we’re only beginning to comprehend the full significance of Snowden’s disclosures... This is not to say that we know more today about Snowden’s motivations or aims than we did in 2013. The question of whether or not Snowden was a Russian asset all along has been raised and debated..."
"[NSA's PRISM, whose documents were leaked by Snowden and disclosed by Glenn Greenwald and Barton Gellman] secured cooperation between the Internet companies and the NSA at the point when an individual suspected of involvement in terrorism had been targeted and the NSA wished to retrieve that suspect’s messages from the companies’ servers. Many Americans will still feel that this program constituted an unwarranted breach of privacy, but what PRISM does not do is vindicate the idea of a “deep state” operating entirely independently of the rule of law. Although this might seem like a fine distinction to some, it is an extremely significant one. But the narrative of deep-state lawlessness was too appealing..."
"Assange’s allies, Milne included, have made clear that their allegiance doesn’t lie with liberal democracies and their values. They have taken sides with authoritarianism in their fight against the hypocrisy of liberal democracies... Assange, a former libertarian, has called Russia under Putin “a bulwark against Western imperialism”... For his part, Greenwald has repeatedly, in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, decried as Russophobia the findings that Putin ordered interference in the 2016 US presidential election—even appearing on Fox News to do so. The very term “Russophobia” obfuscates the distinction between Vladimir Putin’s regime and Russia; the two clearly can’t be identified with one another... The distinction between left and right, he argues, will increasingly be replaced by the opposition between people who are pro-establishment and anti-establishment. But being anti-establishment is not a politics. It defends no clear set of values or principles. And it permits prevarication about the essential choice between criticizing and helping to reform liberal democracy from within or assisting in its demise. It encourages its partisans to take sides with a smaller, authoritarian state in order to check the power of the one whose establishment it opposes..."
"In their book Red Web: The Kremlin’s War on the Internet, the Russian investigative journalists Andrei Soldatov and Irina Borogan recounted the experiences of human rights activists who were summoned via an email purportedly from Snowden himself, to a meeting with him at Moscow airport when he surfaced there with Sarah Harrison, to find they were joining the heads of various pro-Kremlin “human rights” groups, Vladimir Lukin, the Putin-appointed Human Rights Commissioner of Russia, and the lawyers Anatoly Kucherena and Henri Reznik. It was clear to the independent activists that Kucherena had organized the meeting..."
"So whether we trust [Snowden] matters. It matters whether we view him as a bad actor, or as a well-intentioned whistleblower who has shown bad judgment, or as someone who has allowed himself to become an unwitting pawn of the Russians... In a 2016 lecture by video-link at Fusion’s Real Future Fair, Snowden discouraged his audience from pursuing the legal and political remedies that liberal democracies offer..."
"If there’s one thing Greenwald, Assange, and their followers got right, it’s that the United States became a tremendous economic and military power over the last seven decades. When it blunders in its foreign or domestic policy, the US has the capacity to do swift and unparalleled damage. The question then is whether this awesome power is better wielded by a liberal-democratic state in an arguably hypocritical way but with some restraint, or by an authoritarian one in a nakedly avowed way and with no restraint. In the five years since Snowden’s revelations, we have seen changes, particularly the election of Donald Trump with his undisguised admiration for strongmen, that compel us to imagine a possible authoritarian future for the United States," "Edward Snowden Reconsidered" (Tamsin Shaw, The New York Review of Books, 09/13/2018);

What should have been the ultimate piece on Glenn Greenwald (& still much more on Assange): 
"What’s astonishing about their ascent to heroism is the breadth of their support. The embrace of the antiwar left and the libertarian right was to be expected. But effusions of praise for the leakers can also be found throughout the liberal establishment..."
"Contrary to [Snowden's] claims, he seems to have become an anti-secrecy activist only after the White House was won by a liberal Democrat who, in most ways, represented everything that a right-wing Ron Paul admirer would have detested..."
"In several cases over a five-year span, Greenwald represented Matthew Hale, the head of the Illinois-based white-supremacist World Church of the Creator, which attracted a small core of violently inclined adherents... Greenwald’s other clients included the neo-Nazi National Alliance, who were implicated in an especially horrible crime. Two white supremacists on Long Island had picked up a pair of unsuspecting Mexican day laborers, lured them into an abandoned warehouse, and then clubbed them with a crowbar and stabbed them repeatedly. The day laborers managed to escape, and when they recovered from their injuries, they sued the National Alliance and other hate groups, alleging that they had inspired the attackers. Greenwald described the suit as a dangerous attempt to suppress free speech by making holders of “unconventional” views liable for the actions of others... most of [Greenwald's] writings, his critique of America abroad was congenial both to the isolationist paleo-Right and to post–New Left anti-imperialists... Along those lines, Greenwald found common ground with the upper echelons of right-wing free-market libertarianism... When bloggers confronted Greenwald about his associations with libertarians, the darling of the netroots and MSNBC left angrily batted the claims away as distortions. He need not have reacted so forcefully. Accused of working for Cato, for example, he might simply have said that he believed in addressing any organization that wanted to hear from him and left it at that. Instead, Greenwald attacked his critics as “McCarthyite” purveyors of “falsehoods, fabrications, and lies”..."
"In 2010, Greenwald began attacking the Obama administration from the left on a variety of domestic issues, attacking Wall Street corruption, opposing cuts to Social Security and Medicare, and decrying inequality. Yet even as he insisted on his left liberalism, he remained a steadfast promoter of Ron Paul—“far and away the most anti-war, anti-Surveillance-State, anti-crony-capitalism, and anti-drug-war presidential candidate in either party.” (After Paul’s son, then senatorial candidate Rand Paul, questioned the Civil Rights Act, Greenwald agreed with criticism that the remark was “wacky,” but insisted that the real “crazies” in American politics were mainstream Democrats and Republicans.)... During his political pilgrimage, Greenwald became consumed: For him, the national security apparatus is not just an important issue; it is the great burning issue of our time..."
"In the wake of the WikiLeaks frenzy, Assange often tried to clarify where he stood politically. His simultaneous embrace of leftist icons such as Noam Chomsky and right-wing libertarians seemed to indicate that he was open to ideas from either end of the political spectrum, so long as they were directed against authoritarianism. Finally, in 2013, Assange proclaimed, “The only hope as far as electoral politics presently... is the libertarian section of the Republican Party”... Yet even that declaration was misleading. In practice, Assange has a history of working closely with forces far more radical than the Republican Liberty Caucus. Late in 2012, Assange announced the formation of the WikiLeaks Party in Australia. It had been expected that WikiLeaks would ultimately throw its support to the Green Party—especially after the party’s National Council voted in favor of such a move. Instead, WikiLeaks aligned with a collection of far-right parties. One was the nativist Australia First, whose most prominent figure was a former neo-Nazi previously convicted of coordinating a shotgun attack on the home of an Australian representative of Nelson Mandela’s African National Congress. Members of the WikiLeaks Party blamed the flap on an “administrative error”; mass resignations from the party’s leadership followed. Those who quit cited a lack of transparency in the party’s operations, and some pointed to remarks Assange had made blasting a Green Party proposal to reform Australia’s harsh treatment of asylum seekers..."
"Snowden, Greenwald, and Assange have largely set the terms in the debate over transparency and privacy in America. But the value of some of their revelations does not mean that they deserve the prestige and influence that has been accorded to them," "Would You Feel Differently About Snowden, Greenwald, and Assange If You Knew What They Really Thought" (Sean Wilentz, The New Republic, 19/01/2014);

Misinformation Wars: "The Seven Commandments of Fake News" (Adam B. Ellick, Adam Westbrook and Jonah M. Kessel, The New York Times):