Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Liste des figures du chaos primordial: la cartographie (exit the monopoly of academic philosophic priesthood)




The genesis of infinite caves: "... branche d'inflexion, élément du labyrinthe, qui fait du nombre irrationnel, à la rencontre de la courbe et de la droite, un point-pli..." (Le pli, p. 24);
Ezra Pound excerpt (Canto XCII); 
Pierre Boulez's Le Marteau sans maître;

"Thus it is only the contradiction at its climax which breaks eternity, and, instead of one eternity, posits a succession of eternities (aeons) or times. But just this succession of eternities is what we commonly call time. Therefore eternity opens out into time in this decision."
Schelling, Ages of the World (translation by Frederick Bolman)
"Stendhal, einer der schönsten Zufälle meines Lebens — denn Alles, was in ihm Epoche macht, hat der Zufall, niemals eine Empfehlung, mir zugetrieben..."
Nietzsche
"... le chaos demeure à jamais impondérable et incommensurable... Cet être-néant ou ce néant-être est le concept non-conceptuel de la non-contradition"
Paul Klee (traduction par Pierre-Henri Gonthier)
"Mais comment faire comprendre à un savant qu'il y a quelque chose de définitivement déréglé dans le calcul différentiel, la théorie des quanta, ou les obscènes et si niaisement liturgiques ordalies de la précession des équinoxes..."
A. Artaud (Van Gogh le suicidé de la société)
"J'emploie le mot de cruauté dans le sens d'appétit de vie, de rigueur cosmique et de nécessité implacable, dans le sens gnostique de tourbillon de vie qui dévore les ténèbres..."
A. Artaud (Letres sur la cruauté)
"... die ganze Menschheit ist ewig und zu allen Zeiten schizophren..."
Aby Warburg (quoted by Didi-Huberman)
"And just as evolution gives us a smooth picture of our past, the doctrine of causality, by linking all phenomena into one continuous chain, safeguards our future against all spontaneous disturbances and protects us against the horror of chaos..."
Tobias Dantzig
"... seu corpo e sua alma perdiam os limites, misturavam-se, fundiam-se num só caos, suave e amorfo, lento e de movimentos vagos como matéria simplesmente viva..."
Clarice Lispector
"... e a grande ordem de todas as coisas é o caos girando desordenado assim como deve girar o caos..."
Caio Fernando de Abreu
"Às vezes o imponderável muda tudo..."
Cláudio Guerra

"In general, Deleuze will locate the conditions of sensibility in an intensive conception of space and a virtual conception of time, which are necessarily actualized in a plurality of spaces and a complex rhythm of times (for instance, in the non-extended spaces and non-linear times of modern mathematics and physics)."
"... ce qu'Artaud appelle proprement 'l'au-delà de l'être', en maniant cette expression de Platon (qu'Artaud n'a pas manqué de lire) dans un style nietzschéen..."
Jaques Derrida (La clôture de la représentation)
"... par des musiques d'instruments et de notes, des combinaisons de couleurs et de formes dont nous avons perdu jusqu'à l'idée, les Mystères d'Éleusis devaient, d'une part: combler cette nostalgie de la beauté pure dont Platon a bien dû retrouver au moins une fois en ce monde la réalisation complète, sonore, ruisselante et dépouillée, et, d'autre part: résoudre par des conjonctions inimaginables et étranges pour nos cerveaux d'hommes encore éveillés, résoudre ou même annihiler tous les confits produits par l'antagonisme de la matière et de l'esprit, de l'idée et de la forme, du concret et de l'abstrait, et fondre toutes les apparences en une expression unique qui devait être pareille à l'or spiritualisé."
A. Artaud (Le théâtre alchimique)
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Dans Qu’est-ce que la philosophie***:
- Apeiron (p. 46);
- L’Achéron (p. 190); 
- Abîme indifférencié (p. 195);
- Océan de la dissemblance (p. 195); 

Figures de la duplicité:
- étendue/pensée (Spinoza) (p. 50);
- «mouvement infini d’une matière qui ne cesse de se propager»/ «image de la pensée qui ne cesse d’essaimer partout une pure conscience en droit» (Bergson) (p. 50);
***Gilles Deleuze & Félix Guattari, Qu'est-ce que la philosophie? (Paris, Les Éditions de Minuit, 1991/2005).

Dans Logique du sens****:
Figures de la duplicité:
- «identité infini des deux sens à la fois » (p. 10);
- «l’événement infiniment divisible... les deux ensemble» (p. 17);
- «manger ou parler» (p. 36);
- «mot ésotérique... aliquid non identifiable... Snark» (p. 39, 59);
- Bloom/Ulysses (Joyce), Roberte-intensité (Klossowski), animaux pendus/bouches féminines (Gombrowicz) (p. 53);
- la lettre (Poe-Lacan) (p. 54);
- mots-valises ramifiantes (p. 62);
- «valeurs phonétiques blessantes», «valeurs toniques inarticulées» (p. 110);
- «corps-passoire», «corps glorieux et sans organes» (p. 154);
- fêlure (?) (Fitzgerald) (p. 181);
- «instance paradoxale toujours déplacée» (p. 206);
- «centre excentrique éternellement décentré» (p. 206);
- «profondeur creuse... mélange de fragments durs et solides», «profondeur pleine... liquide, fluide et parfait» (p. 220);
- dénégation (Freud) (p. 242);
- «aliquid qui est... attribut noématique et exprimable noétique» (Husserl) (p. 257);
- «série prégénitale», «série œdipiene» (p. 263);
- «dévorer et penser... la lutte de la bouche et du cerveau» (p. 280);
- «puissance apte à réfléctir e à dédoubler» (p. 330);
- «le dilemme en cascade et le geste en suspens» (p. 331);
- «plus haute puissance de l’inéchangeable» (p. 334);
- «intensité du Différent... intensités pures, hausses et chutes» (p. 335);
- «la scène figée... avènement des ‘esprits’» (p. 335-36);
- «fluctuations formant comme des figures à la crête des ondes» (p. 345);
****Gilles Deleuze, Logique du sens (Paris, Les Éditions de Minuit, 1969).

(D'après Logique du sens:)
Le chaos primordial doit être aussi le (non-)lieu du «présent vivant» des corps (Chronos) et de «l’Aiôn illimité» des «incorporels» [l’Aiôn illimité c’est le «devenir qui se divise à l’infin en passé et en futur, toujours esquivant le présent»] (Logique du sens, p. 13-14, 77-78). Il est le «champ transcendantal» des «émissions de singularités» en «distribution nômade», «le monde fourmillant des singularités anonymes et nômades, impersonnelles, pré-individuelles» (Simondon) (p. 124-26, 208, 249). Il est la «machine dionysiaque» (Nietzsche) (p. 130), le «chaosmos» (p. 206), et peut-être aussi «habit d’Arlequin» (p. 229).
Figures des incorporels: «événements», «impassibles» (Logique du sens, p. 13), «phantasmes» (p. 17), «objectités idéelles (Kant) qui ont un minimum d’être» (p. 72), «cas fortuit» (Klossowski) (p. 209), «Eventum tantum» (p. 210), «bon objet de la position dépressive en hauteur» (Klein/Platon) (p. 225), phallus (Lacan) (p. 233), Image (p. 241), «vérités éternelles» (p. 257, 272), Radiancy (Carroll) (p. 280), «fulguration de l’univoque» (p. 290).
Figures des corporels: «corps-passoire», «corps glorieux et sans organes» (Logique du sens, p. 110, 113, 154); «fragments durs et solides», «liquide» (p. 220); «monde de la profondeur orale-anal-uréthrale» (p. 231).
Figures ni des incorporels ni des corporels: «(émissions de) singularités» (Logique du sens, p. 124, 208, 249), «orifice-orifices» (p. 229-30), «atomes» (Epicures, Lucrèce) (p. 311).
Figure de la magie: «contre-effectuation» (Logique du sens, p. 247, 258, 290).
Figures des héros: Hercule (Logique du sens, p. 157), Œdipe (p. 234, 237), «le patient penseur» (p. 258), «l’artiste... le roman comme œvre d’art» (p. 277).
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Qu’est-ce que le renversement du platonisme?
Essais d’explication: «le génie d’une philosophie se mesure d’abord aux nouvelles distributions qu’elle impose aux êtres et aux concepts» (Logique du sens, p.15); «les événements ont-ils une vérité eternelle, et leur temps n’est jamais le présent qui les effectue et les fait exister, mais l’Aiôn illimité... renverser le platonisme, c’est d’abord destituer les essences pour y substituer les événements... Une double lutte a pour objet d’empêcher toute confusion dogmatique de l’événement avec l’essence, mais aussi toute confusion empiriste de l’événement avec l’accident» (p. 68-69); «Aussi y a-t-il une forme primordiale d’ironie platonicienne, redressant la hauteur, la dégageant de la profondeur, refoulant et traquant la satire ou les satiriques, mettant précisément toute son ‘ironie’ à demander si par hasard il y aurait une Idée de la boue, du poil, de la crasse ou de l’excrément...» (p. 288); «La tâche de la philosophie moderne a été définie: renversement du platonisme. Que ce renversement conserve beaucoup de caractères platoniciens n'est pas seulement inévitable, mais souhaitable... le monde héraclitéen gronde dans le platonisme... L'Idée n'est pas encore un concept d'objet qui soumet le monde aux exigences de la représentation, mais bien plutôt une présence brute qui ne peut être évoque dans le monde qu'en fonction de ce qui n'est pas 'representable' dans les choses... division sans médiation... procédé qui saute d'une singularité à une autre...» (Différence et répétition, p. 82-83); «ce qui participe, et qui participe plus ou moins, à des degrés divers, est nécessairement un prétendant... Le principe qui fonde est comme l'imparticipable, mais qui donne quelque chose à participer... lignées en profondeur... participation élective...» (87) «le Menon n'expose la réminiscence qu'en rapport avec un problème géometrique, qu'il faut comprendre avant de résoudre... probleme et question... le 'non' exprime quelque chose d'autre que le négatif...» [incomensurability in the Pythagorean theorem] (88).
(Deleuze encore:) «Platon a assigné le but suprême de la dialectique: faire la différence. Seulement celle-ci n'est pas entre le modèle et les copies... le simulacre est la forme supérieure, et le difficile pour toute chose est d'atteindre à son propre simulacre, à son état de signe... la puissance s'affirme du chaos lui-même... et l'éternel retour... Ne fallait-pas que Platon pousse l'ironie jusque-lá... a cette parodie? Platon fût le premier à renverser le platonime...» (Différence et répétition, p. 93);
Pour Foucault: «Platon, père excessif et défaillant», «... tu rêveras d’une histoire générale de la philosophie qui serait une fantasmatique platonicienne» (‘Theatrum Philosophicum’, Dits et écrits, 1970, p. 944). 
Pour Heidegger: "Was geschieht, wenn di wahre Welt abgeschafft wird? Bleibt dann noch die scheinbare Welt? Nein. Denn die scheinbare Welt kann das, was sie ist, nur sein als das Gegenstück zur wahren. Wenn diese fällt, muß auch die scheinbare fallen. Erst dann ist der Platonismus überwunden..." (‘Nietzsches Umdrehung des Platonismus’, Nietzsche, Erster Band) [traduction de Pierre Klossowski: «Que se passe-t-il, si le monde vrai est liquidé? Le monde apparent peut-il encore subsister? Non point! Car le monde apparent ne peut autrement être ce qu’il est qu’en tant que contrepartie du monde vrai. Si celui-ci disparaît, il faut que le monde apparent disparaisse avec lui. C’est alors seulement que l’on aura surmonté le platonisme»].
Nietzsche: "Ich   sah zuerst den eigentlichen Gegensatz: — den entartenden Instinkt, der sich gegen das Leben mit unterirdischer Rachsucht wendet (— Christenthum, die Philosophie Schopenhauers, in gewissem Sinne schon die Philosophie Plato's, der ganze Idealismus als typische Formen) und eine aus der Fülle, der Überfülle geborene Formel der höchsten Bejahung, ein Jasagen ohne Vorbehalt, zum Leiden selbst, zur Schuld selbst, zu allem Fragwürdigen und Fremden des Daseins selbst..."
Constantine Constantius (translated by M. G. Piety): "When one lacks the categories of recollection and repetition, all of life is dissolved into an empty, meaningless noise. Recollection is the Greek view of life, repetition the modern. Repetition is the interest of metaphysics, and also the interest upon which metaphysics becomes stranded."
Baudelaire: "À un blasphème j'opposerai des élancements vers le Ciel, à une obscénité, des fleurs platoniques."
Pedestrian Ian Hacking: "No ghost more effectively haunts all Western philosophy than Plato's... Many have posed as exorcists, but none have succeeded" (Why is there philosophy of mathematics at all?).
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Autres figures:
- "le Tout": "n'est pas un ensemble... [mais] le fil qui traverse les ensembles, et donne à chacun la possibilité nécessairement réalisée de communiquer avec un autre, à l'infini", "l'Ouvert [qui] renvoie au temps ou même a l'esprit plutôt qu'à la matière et à l'espace" (L'Image-Mouvement, p. 29), "la durée" (p. 32);

***See also:
And also:

*****Excerpts from a Michèle Lamy & GAIKA interview (Dazed, March 2018): 
"I always want to explore ‘radical luxury’ – I mean, I like radical more than I like luxury, and it’s very nice to be able to combine art and the commercial, but it’s one thing to say something, but you need to demonstrate it with the theme. And so we have the collection upstairs and this here (the boxing studio)." 
"For me it’s about equality, it’s about honesty. It’s about all these things where I can’t accept the alternative. Like some of the things we just seem to accept in the world as normal. Misogyny, racism, intolerance, you know, we have conversations surrounding these things in the media all the time, but nothing’s changing. And when you think about it, it’s pretty abhorrent. You know, you have to tell men not to rape people, like, including people who supposedly run the world, they have to be told not to rape…"
"I think boxing is a good metaphor for the fight we face and how we should be fighting it. You know, boxing is one-on-one. You look your opponent in the eyes and there are a lot of rules and and there is a lot of respect, traditionally. You know, it brings in a lot of different people; you take people off the street, and kids, and people from all different walks of life, and you see people realise themselves and their potential in the boxing ring. Instead of taking a gun and shooting 20 people in anger, you can be measured and see how to be strong and how to stand for yourself as an individual here."
"The world’s changing and I think the power in the world is shifting and changing. It’s shifting away from the West, it’s shifting away from men, and you’ve got one of two reactions: accept the world is changing and be part of it, or build walls, physically or metaphorically to stop it and to block it out... Yeah, to be like Trump and his wall, you know, in the White House cowering thinking ‘we are the last supreme white beings’, sitting there with his finger on the nuclear button... So extreme. You know, I think that it (Trump’s appointment) made a lot of people wake up..."
"You know, it never really made sense to me – the massive amount of inequality in the world just seems unnecessary. It just doesn’t seem like an efficient way to keep the world turning if you think of it as a machine or a structure. It’s purely about ego as far as I can tell, it’s not even just about the material side of things or money, it’s about dominance."
"... since the dawn of the internet, and people being constantly connected to these violent images every minute, every second, it’s important that the press change too. The media should be analysing themselves and changing the way they do things. I want to see unbiased opinions, I don’t want to see left-wing newspapers or right-wing newspapers. I want to see a tribune that covers it all in a fair way..." Michèle Lamy and GAIKA go head to head on the fight for the future (Dazed, 2018);

Monday, March 28, 2016

Structuralism, Poststructuralism: ligne de fuite (away from the monopoly of academic philosophical priesthood)


"... he is neither first nor last nor only nor alone in a series originating in and repeated to infinity."
James Joyce, Ulysses
"L'indécidable n'est pas une coupure est un bondir rapide entre deux possibilités opposées mais qui se touchent."
Hélène Cixous (Portrait de Jacques Derrida)
"Impossible de se désintéresser du monde, impossible de trouver du repos dans le monde. L'homme a besoin d'une totalité—Dieu, Avenir, Structure, Autre (appelle-la comme tu voudras, cela revient au même)—sur l'existence de laquelle il faut parier... Les jansénistes, qui exprimaient au fond la spiritualité de la noblesse de robe alor écartée du pouvoir, l'ont bien compris... Deus absconditus. Vere tu es Deus absconditus. Dieu est caché. Que fait alors Pascal? Il parie, et nous avec lui, sur une certitude qui est cependant incertaine... 'Deux infinis, milieu... Rien ne peut fixer le fini entre deux infinis.'"
Edelman (Les Samouraïs)

"Un Coup de Dés fez de Mallarmé o inventor de um processo de composição poética cuja significação se nos afigura comparável ao valor da 'série', introduzida por Schöenberg, purificada por Webern e, através da filtração deste, legada aos jovens músicos eletrônicos, a presidir os universos sonoros de um Boulez ou um Stockhausen. A esse processo definiríamos, de início, com a palavra estrutura, tendo em vista uma entidade onde o todo é mais que a soma das partes ou algo qualitativamente diverso de cada componente. Eisenstein na fundação da sua teoria da montagem, Pierre Boulez e Michel Fano, com relação ao princípio serial, testemunharam — como artistas — o interesse da aplicação dos conceitos gestaltianos ao campo das artes. E é em estritos termos de Gestalt que entendemos o título de um dos livros de poesia de E. E. Cummings: Is 5. Para a poesia, e em especial para a poesia de estrutura de Mallarmé ou Cummings, dois mais dois pode ser rigorosamente igual a cinco."
Augusto de Campos (pontos-periferia-poesia concreta/Teoria da Poesia Concreta)

"Peirce rompe com a divisão significante/significado, criando um terceiro pólo dialético, a que deu o nome de interpretante, um supersigno que está sempre se refazendo ao refazer a relação entre o signo e o objeto; neste sentido, o interpretante é um terceiro. É claro que as categorias peircianas transam entre si..."
"A formulação de Valéry: o arbitrário cria o necessário, se já não é uma solução, parece-me indicar o caminho para uma, no debate sobre a arbitrariedade do signo lingüístico (Saussure vs. Jakobson, por exemplo). O signo pode ser arbitrário, mas, uma vez instituído, torna-se necessário e cria novas necessidades sígnicas: 'É possível que só se possa conceber bem aquilo que se inventa.' Era também a idéia de Giambattista Vico: só se aprende e apreende aquilo que se cria e descobre."
"A multiplicação e a multiplicidade de códigos e linguagens [com os processos de modernização, refletidos por autores como Poe, Sterne, Sousa Andrade, a partir do romantismo] cria uma nova consciência de linguagem, obrigando a contínuos cotejos entre eles, a contínuas operações intersemióticas e, portanto, a uma visada metalinguística, mesmo no ato criativo — ou, melhor, principalmente nele, mediante processos de metalinguagem analógica, processos internos ao ato criador..."
"... Lacan não está apenas dizendo, mas mostrando o quê e o onde da linguagem inconsciente, com todas as suas reverberações e diferentes nuances de certeza: Là où/Là haut, c'étais/s'était/se tait, mon de/voir..."
Décio Pignatari (semiótica & literatura)
"De maneira clara, Vico dá sustento e sustentação a Paul Valéry  na  afirmação deste de que os sistemas filosóficos não eram senão sistemas de escrita, dá ainda razão prévia a Roman Jakobson, em sua argumentação contra a convencionalidade do signo linguístico — não fossem ambos mestres descobridores das potencialidades da linguística poética."
"O signo é sempre metonímico em relação ao não-signo, é sempre apenas uma parte do objeto designado, em especial o signo linguístico de origem indo-européia (línguas ocidentais)."
Décio Pignatari (semiótica da arte e da arquitetura)
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There is too much fuss over the difference between structuralist and poststructuralist approaches. This is a problem of secondary literature (it means only that less gifted thinkers will always make money out of more gifted ones by creating pseudo-problems, which is how the monopoly of academic philosophical priesthood works). 
In their own works, authors such as Derrida, Deleuze and Julia Kristeva often recognize the importance of the works of their illustrious “predecessors”: Lévi-Strauss, Lacan and Barthes. 
The point at issue is this: structuralism focuses on the dimension that Kristeva calls “thétique” which comprises l’ordre de la langue. This dimension emerges only after one reaches the threshold of Lacan’s mirror stage (and Freud’s Verneinung), when the real is symbolically organized (through what Saussure calls langue) (Kristeva, La révolution du langage poétique, p. 41-49, 70-71; cf. Deleuze, Logique du sens, p. 99). Poststructuralist authors are more interested in how this dimension emerges (genealogy), and in what remains “behind” it, its “inside-out” (psychoanalytic primary processes, lignes de fuitecorps sans organes, differences, singularités, événements). But the two perspectives are in no way incompatible: a structure is nothing but the articulation of two heterogeneous series (of irreducible differences) connected by a signifiant flottant (Deleuze, Logique du sens, p. 65-66, cf. 88-90).

***The concept of a “sorgente” [data source], introduced by Umberto Eco in La Struttura Assente (p. 353), is also not incompatible with this scenery, but it impoverishes it pretty much. This is because it reduces the idea of a signifiant flottant to a merely positive, productive source, thereby erasing (covering up) its more paradoxical features (the irreducible heterogeneity of the series lying behind it). This happens because Eco’s semiotics operates, again, merely in a “thetic” dimension—but in a much more old fashioned way (hermeneutically, dialectically, phenomenologically), actually betraying the most daring implications brought up by structuralism since Saussure. Eco’s “operative hypothesis” (La Struttura Assente, p. 380) depends on naively assigning to historical subjects precisely the kind of “autonomy” that structuralism (and psychoanalysis) uncovers as illusory to a great extent.

See also:
- the only three types of ingenuity;

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Instead of revolution: démontage











John Heartfield
Millions Stand Behind Me! (1932)
image from Matthew Gale's Dada & Surrealism
Jean-Michel Basquiat
Five Thousand Dollars (1982)
image from Leonhard Emmerling's Basquiat

***The Super-Rich and Us (Jacques Peretti, BBC);
Rutger Bregman at Davos (2019);
Alex Winter's "The Panama Papers";
Owen Jones interview Margaret Hodge: tax evasion;
Justin Pemberton Discusses Capital in the 21st Century; 
Depeche Mode's Everything Counts; 
[There was another video ici: Jeunes médecins exploités/Étudiants précarisés (Laurent Mathieu/Questions à la une, TV5) (the video was censored by the fuck*** Powers That Be, as usual & no wonder: it exposed cases of European undergraduate students having to prostitute themselves in order to pay their monthly bills);]
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"...il y a des règles qui sont les règles de démontage, où l'on ne sait plus très bien si la soumission ne cache pas la plus grande révolte, et si le combat n'implique pas la pire adhésion..." (Deleuze & Guattari, Pour une littérature mineure).
→ That is, la révolution doit être « permanente » (Deleuze, Logique du sens 64; cf. Derrida, Spectres de Marx 62), elle n’est pas un simple renversement ou remplacement total. Le vrai révolutionnaire n'est pas le radical, le impatient.

***The Ultra-Rich (99,9999%): "The one percent... covered a lot of people. Most were professionals and managers who lacked much power on their own. Bloomberg's new 'billionaires team' would focus only on the top 0.0001 percent, a thin slice ofo humanity whose combined wealth, at four and a half trillion dollars, could pay off the entire public debt of Germany and the UK combined" (Alex Cuadros, Brazillionaires).
- Terrorism and anti-terrorism (state of exception) strengthen the system (Fassbinder, Die Dritte Generation);
- Black bloc tactics risk pretty much to do the same: "This is the free market itself. These people are a fantasy generated by the market. They don’t exist outside the market. There is nowhere they can go to be on the outside. There is no outside"—Vija Kinski about protesters in Don DeLillo’s Cosmopolis;
What about economic policies such as the ones that have been adopted by the Workers Party (PT) in Brazil? People still take for granted that—under all circumstances—it is better to give one's life for a smartphone than to die in poverty. But this is rather a false dilemma, and the right wing is not to be trusted either (Glenn Greenwald and the Intercept have shown how swinish the right wing in Brazil can be).

"... such a competition was only... a concession to that still prevailing national principle according to which mankind is a family of nations vying for excellence, or to the liberal belief that competition will automatically set up its own stabilizing predetermined limits before one competitor has liquidated all the others. This happy balance, however, had hardly been the inevitable outcome of mysterious economic laws, but had relied heavily on political, and even more on police institutions that prevented competitors from using revolvers... competition is no more a principle of politics than expansion, and needs political power just as badly for control and restraint" (Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism).
"The Banker should discover the real meaning of his existence, the real motive which led him to choose that profession. He should understand banking as a necessary factor in the economic existence of mankind, instead of as merely a business whose objects are independent of the general welfare. He should learn to distinguish false values from real, and to act not on accidental fluctuations but on considerations of essential importance" (Aleister Crowley, Magic in Theory and Practice).
"The rules of international markets should be radically reformed by establishing a minimal but efficient active regulation of these markets. Such regulation of international markets should be managed in a non-bureaucratic and accountable way and should ensure the active and democratic participation of all countries in the decision-making process and its application. In any case, the process of deregulation should comply with the environmental and social constraints that buttress the sustainability of world development" (Simone Borghesi & Alessandro Vercelli, "Susteinable Globalization").
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Patriotic Millionaires (Abigail Disney, Erica Payne, Moby, Ben Cohen, Chuck Collins/heir to the Oscar Mayer fortune, Roberta Kaplan/civil-rights lawyer, Jeffrey Gural/real-estate investor, George Zimmer/founder of Men’s Wearhouse...):
"... the group’s mission was initially a simple idea endorsed by a half-dozen rich people: “Please raise our taxes.” The members now have the broader goal of pressuring their wealthy peers to confront what they believe are the destructive effects of trickle-down economics—the idea, which has driven U.S. policy decisions for several decades and has largely been debunked, that reducing taxes on businesses and the wealthy will benefit low- and middle-income workers."
"When I asked Payne how hard it was to persuade rich people to join, she said, “I think the last time I checked there were about three hundred and seventy-five thousand taxpayers in the country who make a million dollars a year in income”—there are now almost half a million—“and we have a couple hundred members.” She laughed. “If you ever needed a back-of-the-envelope calculation of how many of America’s élite are concerned about the basic well-being of their fellow-citizens, that should give you a rough estimate.” Members include Chuck Collins, the heir to the Oscar Mayer fortune; Roberta Kaplan, the civil-rights lawyer; Jeffrey Gural, the real-estate investor; and George Zimmer, the founder of Men’s Wearhouse," "The Ultra-Wealthy Who Argue That They Should Be Paying Higher Taxes" (Sheela Kolhatkar/The New Yorker);

Les “gilets jaunes”, c'est nous»:
"Juliette Binoche, Emmanuelle Béart, Edouard Louis, Alain Damasio... Autant de personnalités qui apportent leur soutien à un mouvement «sans précédent dans l’histoire». Un mouvement qui représente tous les métiers de la culture. Un mouvement que le pouvoir cherche à discréditer et réprime sévèrement alors que la violence la plus menaçante est économique et sociale... Un mouvement qui réclame des choses essentielles : une démocratie plus directe, une plus grande justice sociale et fiscale, des mesures radicales face à l’état d’urgence écologique... Le bilan de la répression s’aggrave chaque semaine. Au 19 avril, on recensait 1 décès, 248 blessé·e·s à la tête, 23 éborgné·e·s, 5 mains arrachées chez les manifestant·e·s. C’est indigne de notre République. Et nous ne sommes pas les premier·e·s à le dénoncer : Amnesty International, la Ligue des droits de l’homme, l’ONU, l’Union européenne, le Défenseur des droits, tou·te·s condamnent les violences poli­cières sur les gilets jaunes en France," "Gilets jaunes : nous ne sommes pas dupes!"(Liberation 04/05/2019);
**************************************************************

James Joyce, Ulysses:
" — But what Shakespeare say? Put but money in thy purse.
— Iago, Stephen murmured."
"I want to see, concluded Bloom, all creeds and classes pro rata having a comfortable tidysized income... That's the vital issue at stake and it's feasible..."

Ezra Pound (from Canto XLV):
"Usura slayeth the child in the womb
It stayeth the young man's courting
It hath brought palsey to bed, lyeth
between the young bride and her bridegroom
CONTRA NATURAM
They have brought whores for Eleusis
Corpses are set to banquet
at behest of usura."

e. e. cummings:
" ...(and if
he she it or everybody gets a
bellyful without
lifting my finger i say to hell
with that i
say that doesn't matter) but
if somebody
or you are beautiful or
deep or generous what
i say is
whistle that
sing that yell that spell
that out big (bigger than cosmic 
rays war earthquakes famine..."

"Mais que seraient les Lumières sans le marché?"
Jacques Derrida
"... to use a term introduced by Braudel, capitalism has always been an 'antimarket'"
Manuel De Landa (paper)
"Modern society... sacrificed private property whenever it came into conflict with the accumulation of wealth... Proudhon presents property in its 'egoist, satanic nature' as the 'most efficient means to resist despotism...'"
Hannah Arendt
"... making money is art and working is art and good business is the best art."
"What's great about this country is that... President drinks Coke, Liz Taylor drinks Coke... A Coke is a Coke and no money can get you a better Coke than the one the bum on the corner is drinking... when Queen Elizabeth came here and President Eisenhower bought her a hot dog I'm sure he felt confident that she couldn't have had delivered to Buckingham Palace a better hot dog than that one he bought her for maybe twenty cents at the ballpark... Sometimes you fantasize that people who are really up-there and rich and living it up have something you don't have, that their things must be better than your things because they have more money than you. But they drink the same Cokes and eat the same hot dogs and wear the same ILGWU clothes and see the same TV shows... All this is really American. The idea of America is so wonderful because the more equal something is, the more American it is... a lot of places give you special treatment when you're famous, but that's not really American. Wherever it's possible, you should try to pay people in measurements that are the most suitable for their talent or job."
The Philosophy of Andy Warhol
"So my relation to the Sex Pistols was a direct link to that existential angst-ridden early motive... By the dawn of the seventies, the philosophy was that you couldn't do anything without a lot of money. So my philosophy was back to, 'Fuck you, we don't care if we can't play and don't have very good instruments, we're still doing it because we think you're all a bunch of cunts. I think that's what really created the anger—the anger was simply about money, that the culture had become corporate, that we no longer owned it and everybody was desperate to fucking get it back."
Malcolm McLaren (Please Kill Me)

"sang frais et français"
Marcel Duchamp
"...pues cree que esa liquidación será una mera sustitución..."
Morelli/Julio Cortázar
"Qu'est-ce qu'un art révolutionnaire? à quelle époque cesse sa révolution?"
Gauguin
"... on en voulut moins au bloc national quand on vit tout d'un coup les victimes du bolchevisme, des grandes-duchesses en haillons, dont on avait assassiné les maris dans une brouette, les fils en jetant des pierres dessus après les avoir laissé sans manger..."
Marcel Proust (le narrateur)
"Résultat en Russie: On rit du fanatisme religieux, mais on se met à genoux devant Sainte-Dynamo, j'exagère à peine. Vraiment c'est moins con de faire de Jeanne d'Arc une bienheureuse, de croire à la patrie, d'adorer Wottan ou d'aimer sa femme et ses enfants."
André Masson (Lettre a Georges Bataille, 6 octobre 1935)
"Le surréalisme doit être conçu comme une dynamique dont aujourd'hui le vecteur n'est pas à chercher dans la Révolution surréaliste, mais dans la Brèche..." 
Breton ("Perspective Cavalier," 1963).
"... proliferation not only immediately precedes revolutions, but it is there all the time..."
Paul Feyerabend, Consolations for the Specialist
"When you set up a revolution... the neuro chemistry runs the show and eventually, you end with the Mafia."
David Bohm (interview)
"When the revolutionary exploits men's urge to downward self-transcendence, he exploits it to the frantic and demoniac limit."
A. Huxley
"Some maudlin citizens will think they can send something edifying, not realizing that sending is evil... Poverty, hatred, war, police-criminals, bureaucracy, insanity, all symptoms of The Human Virus."
William S. Burroughs
"... a new era may perfectly naturally arrive in which the St. Vitus' dance of money-making and ambition will cease to be the chief end of existence..."
Edward Carpenter
"... it is not necessary or even desirable to seek to "overthrow capitalism," as protestors often suggest..."
Colin Tudge (the World Food Club)
"Violence plays into the hands of the status quo elites. They will use even a hint of violence as an excuse to unleash greater oppression of the people."
Rex Weyler/Greenpeace (Why Civil Disobedience Works)
"... a analogia entre as razões que os comunistas dão para justificarem seu desejo de destruir sem remorso a ordem capitalista, e os argumentos que aquele estudante de Crime e Castigo invocou na taverna para confessar o assassínio da velha dona da casa de penhores."
Érico Veríssimo/Tio Bicho
"Les crimes et autres passages à l'acte plus ou moins agressifs ne sont que des ratages du symbole, ils signent un échec du matricide imaginaire qui, seul, ouvre la voie à la pensée."
J. Kristeva
"On ne saurait trop insister sur le point suivant: combien les notions de lutte, de guerre, de rivalité ou même de comparaison sont étrangères à Nietzsche et à sa conception de la volonté de puissance."
G. Deleuze
"... la monstruosité intégrale ne peut justement se réaliser ailleurs qu'à l'intérieur des conditions qui rendent le sadisme possible, à l'intérieur d'un espace que composent des obstacles, soit dans le langage logiquement structuré des normes et des institutions. L'absence de structure logique ne se peut vérifier que par la logique donnée, quand même celle-ci serait fausse, laquelle, en refusant la monstruosité, la provoque."
Pierre Klossowski
"Hier redet kein 'Prophet', keiner jener schauerlichen Zwitter von Krankheit und Willen zur Macht, die man Religionsstifter nennt."
"Vorsicht selbst vor jedem großen Worte, jeder großen Attitüde! Lauter Gefahren, daß der Instinkt zu früh 'sie versteht'. — Inzwischen wächst und wächst die organisirende, die zur Herrschaft berufene 'Idee' in der Tiefe, — sie beginnt zu befehlen, sie leitet langsam aus Nebenwegen und Abwegen zurück, sie bereitet einzelne Qualitäten und Tüchtigkeiten vor, die einmal als Mittel zum Ganzen sich unentbehrlich erweisen werden, — sie bildet der Reihe nach alle dienenden Vermögen aus, bevor sie irgend Etwas von der dominirenden Aufgabe, von 'Ziel', 'Zweck', 'Sinn' verlauten läßt."
"Die Krankheit löste mich langsam heraus: sie ersparte mir jeden Bruch, jeden gewaltthätigen und anstössigen Schritt. Ich habe kein Wohlwollen damals eingebüßt und viel noch hinzugewonnen. Die Krankheit... erlaubte, sie gebot mir Vergessen; sie beschenkte mich mit der Nöthigung zum Stillliegen, zum Müßiggang, zum Warten und Geduldigsein... Aber das heißt ja denken!"
Nietzsche, Ecce Homo

"... d'une économie politique tyrannique... la administration de la peur publique se déplaçant du champ de bataille du passé en direction du marché, autrement dit d'une vie quotidienne bientôt rendue impossible..."
Paul Virilio
"The present way of running the economy on neo-liberal principles is a sure recipe for disaster."
Edy Korthals Altes (The Present Economic Order)
"Felicità Eterna is a resplendently beautiful, blonde young woman whose nudity denotes her contempt for perishable earthly things... Felicità Breve is a lady whose dress yellow and white signifies satisfaction. She is adorned with precious stones and holding a vessel full of gold and gems."
Panofsky
"... all the one-dimensional people with their one-dimensional possessions were lined up along this single dimension like long, thin beads strung out along a thread..."
Lisa Randall
"Cash makes the world go round
Cash makes your girl get down"
Tommy Cash

Films related:
- Capital in the 21st Century (Justin Pemberton, 2019);
The Panama Papers (Alex Winters, 2018);
I, Daniel Blake (Ken Loach, 2016)
The Big Short (Adam McKay, 2015);
Um Sonho Intenso (José Mariani, 2014);
The Wolf of Wall Street (Scorsese, 2013);
Le Capital (Costa-Gravas, 2012);
Inside Job (Charles Ferguson, 2010);
- El método (Marcelo Piñeyro, 2005);

In this Blog, see also: 
Inside Job
El Estudiante
Godard's Sympathy for the Devil
Pier Paolo Pasolini
American "Liberal" Hell;
right truths to slay the enemy
Environmental Issue (Brazil);
Blue Crab/ Siri Azul (Torres, Brazil, Jan 2019);
Who Wants to Be the World's 5th Largest Economy?
Banality of Evil in Brazil;
Brazil after Rousseff's Impeachment;
A Place Where Everything Is Permitted;
List of Infamous Brazilian Esquerdofrênicos;
Humanitarian Rhetoric;

Panama Papers:
"The System is Rigged," Salon
article par Eva Joly dans Le Monde Diplomatique

Clipping:
'“Capital in the 21st Century” is based on the bestselling 2013 book by Thomas Piketty, a French economist. The film, directed by Justin Pemberton, undermines that core power of the world’s elites — shaping how we think — in a particularly wise, sneaky way... “Nationalism is often used by elites to make people forget class conflict and instead focus on national identity” [says Piketty]. It can be debated the degree to which berserk nationalism was consciously stoked by Europe’s rulers to distract from their failures,' "Capital in the 21st Century: Finally, a movie that tells the history of how we got into this mess" (Jon Schwarz/The Intercept);
- '“The fact that houses are too expensive is not only to do with too few being built. There is a lot of capital flowing around the world trying to find an investment, and right now real estate is seen as the best way to invest, so that drives up prices”' [Amsterdam's Deputy Major/Marieke van Doorninck]  Amsterdam to embrace 'doughnut' model to mend post-coronavirus economy (The Guardian);
- '... the urgent task that democrats and liberals must embrace is this: bursting the bubbles we live in... Data collected in France and Germany reveals that the reason why citizens who are drawn to populist parties hold grudges against the “media and politics”, is because they adopt an “agenda” that doesn’t at all fit their concerns. Those main concerns are “precarious working conditions, worries about money and declining social infrastructure,”' Can Emmanuel Macron’s ‘great national debate’ save his presidency? (The Guardian);
What Does Greta Thunberg's Call for Equity Means? (Climate Home News)
1000 milliards d'euros : le coût de l'évasion fiscale (La Tribune);
Raghuram Rajan says capitalism is únder serious threat' (BBC News)
'This is about saving capitalism': the Dutch historian who savaged Davos elite (The Guardian);
David Attenborough tells Davos: ‘The Garden of Eden is no more’ (The Guardian);
Gilets jaunes: are nationalists infiltrating the yellow vests? (BBC);
A Giant Pile of Money (The Intercept);
Elizabeth Warren. v. the District of Corruption (The Intercept)
Myths of the 1 Percent (The New York Times);
What are the Paradise Papers and what do they tell us? (The Guardian)
Why we are shining a light on the world of tax heavens again (The Guardian)
IMF: higher taxes for rich will cut inequality without hitting growth (The Guardian)
Power, Ilness, Homelessness: McDonald's UK Workers are going to strike (The Guardian);  
America's geography of wealth: the shrinking urban middle class visualised (The Guardian);  
America has become so anti-innovation, it is economic suicide (The Guardian)
World's eight richest people have same wealth as poorest 50% (The Guardian)
Aid in reverse: how poor countries develop rich countries (The Guardian)
The art and science of economics at Cambridge (The Economist);
Roberto Saviano: London is heart of global financial corruption (The Guardian);
It is time to junk the flawed economic models (The Guardian);
Neoliberalism: the ideology at the root of all our problems (The Guardian);
Nasa-funded study: industrial civilisation headed for 'irreversible collapse'? (The Guardian);
Dívida Pública: o veículo para roubo de recursos públicos;
Sobre a ideia brilhante de suspensão da dívida como política anticíclica (José Luis Oreiro);
- The death of neoliberalism (The Guardian);
The great Greek bank robery (Yanis Varoufakis);
**************************************************************

Ralph Nader on the Democratic Party (2020's Election):
"They have to stop Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren because their hegemony is over if one of those people gets elected, and they want to continue dialing for corporate dollars. They want to continue Obama’s record setting fundraising from Wall Street which exceeded his Republican opponents. Imagine, he got more money from Wall Street than John McCain in 2008. That’s the internal struggle. This business about socialism, that’s just a cover but they’re willing to emulate themselves this year, and let Trump win by basically stereotyping any kind of progressive legislation as socialism."
"They like people like Joe Biden, you know, he comes out of the corporate stake, out of the Obama world, out of the Clarence Thomas, enabler chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee and mistreating Anita Hill and, and he comes out of that. They like him and if he falters, they’ll go for Bloomberg, because they know he’s got a lot of money to go up against the Republicans. It’s just redux. Its corporate state Democrat redux. That is they’re almost identical in military and foreign policy with the Republicans. They’re almost identical and booming, bigger military budgets and lathering the military industrial complex with whatever they want. They’re almost identical with avoiding applying law enforcement to Wall Street. All that is deliberate. All that is part of the Rep/Dem consensus, the two party duopoly that stereotypes third parties, and when they start seeing an insurgence in their own party, they go to work on it behind the scenes, tipping close primary elections."
"How can anybody running for president against this relentless savage sexual predator, this constant liar on matters of serious import to the American people — separating millions of people from reality into his commercialized fantasy, this person who’s a bigot and a racist and he follows up with actions reflecting that — how can the Democrats even raise the issue of trying to find a candidate who’s electable against this person? That’s just a technique to marginalize progressive candidates — and they use the words moderate and centrist and leftist and extremist to pursue the same strategy — to mainstream their corporate Democratic primary candidates."
"For example, Joe Biden is called a moderate. Joe Biden, for example, has supported wars abroad that are unconstitutional. Why is that a moderate? Joe Biden has been to toady the big banks. Why is that a moderate? Why is it considered leftist to support universal health insurance and a living wage and cracking down on corporate crime? Those received enormous results in the polls. Left, right support, 65, 70, 75, 80, 90 percent."
"So this is really Armageddon time for the Democratic Party. They’ve been losing and losing to the worst Republican Party in history, the stupidity, the ignorance, the bigotry, the corporatism, the self-serving enrichments, etc. They’re a mirror of Trump. If the Democrats lose this one, there’s going to be a lot of fissure and a lot of splits," "It is Armageddon time for the Democratic Party" (Jeremy Scahill/The Intercept);

Paul Krugman: 
"That was mostly — so, my book is Arguing with Zombies. And one of the zombies is this obsession with public debt and the belief that we should be terribly scared of government debt, and we can’t do anything because of deficits. Eek! And that’s the way Buttigieg talks now, at that very moment when mainstream economics, if you like, centrist economics, has concluded, “Hey, these debt worries were way overblown.” You know, the president of the American Economic Association gave this presidential address saying debt is just not nearly the problem people think it is, and it’s not a constraint. And, of course, Republicans have pulled one of the greatest acts of policy hypocrisy in history. You know, deficits were an existential threat as long as Obama was in office; they don’t matter as soon as Trump is in office. So, I really don’t want to see — I mean, if we did get a Democratic centrist who bought into this deficit scaremongering, that would be a really bad thing. That would block any kind of initiative," "Sanders & Socialism: Debate Between Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman & Socialist Economist Richard Wolff" (Democracy Now)
**************************************************************

On Mass Surveillance: 
"The NSA and GCHQ, whose collaboration is at the heart of the US and British "special relationship", have been central to that for decades. Their global eavesdropping role is the cornerstone of the 'five eyes' alliance of anglophone states (including Australia, Canada and New Zealand) which underpins US-dominated western global power. Both agencies were founded to spy on the rest of the world, but ended up also targeting their own people."
"Corporations have long been hand in glove with the secret state, working with the security services to this day to blacklist trade unionists and funding covert labour movement organisations during the cold war. What's changed is that communication is in the hands of the corporations. And the companies whose servers are vacuumed up by Prism are a roll call of US internet giants, from Google to YouTube."
"The leaked NSA documents say the companies collaborate, which they deny. But any idea that these tax-dodging behemoths represent a new form of libertarian democratic cool has now been comprehensively exposed as yesterday's marketing guff."
"... the NSA and GCHQ, along with their sister spying outfits, are fuelling as much as fighting terrorism. It is they who provide the intelligence for drone attacks that have killed thousands of civilians in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen and Somalia. A Pakistani man is currently taking a case to the court of appeal against GCHQ for allegedly providing the "intelligence" for a CIA drone strike that killed his father."
"And it's the same US and British intelligence services that have been involved in widespread torture, kidnapping and other crimes in the past decade – as well as scandalous intelligence manipulation over Iraqi weapons of mass destruction – who now claim to be protecting us from some of the consequences."
"At home, GCHQ and the NSA were mobilised to conduct spying and dirty tricks operations against the 1980s British miners'strike, while in the 1970s the US Senate Church committee exposed systematic abuse of US eavesdropping powers against civil rights and anti-war activists (along with assassination abroad)," "NSA and GCHQ: mass surveillance is about power as much as privacy" (Seumas Milne, The Guardian, 06/11/2013);

Ultimate piece on Snowden and his ring (written by a woman):
"[In five years since Edward Snowden’s revelations about NSA surveillance], we’ve learned much more about how Big Tech was not only sharing data with the NSA but collecting vast troves of information about us for its own purposes. And we’ve started to see the strategic ends to which Big Data can be put. In that sense, we’re only beginning to comprehend the full significance of Snowden’s disclosures... This is not to say that we know more today about Snowden’s motivations or aims than we did in 2013. The question of whether or not Snowden was a Russian asset all along has been raised and debated..."
"[NSA's PRISM, whose documents were leaked by Snowden and disclosed by Glenn Greenwald and Barton Gellman] secured cooperation between the Internet companies and the NSA at the point when an individual suspected of involvement in terrorism had been targeted and the NSA wished to retrieve that suspect’s messages from the companies’ servers. Many Americans will still feel that this program constituted an unwarranted breach of privacy, but what PRISM does not do is vindicate the idea of a “deep state” operating entirely independently of the rule of law. Although this might seem like a fine distinction to some, it is an extremely significant one. But the narrative of deep-state lawlessness was too appealing..."
"Assange’s allies, Milne included, have made clear that their allegiance doesn’t lie with liberal democracies and their values. They have taken sides with authoritarianism in their fight against the hypocrisy of liberal democracies... Assange, a former libertarian, has called Russia under Putin “a bulwark against Western imperialism”... For his part, Greenwald has repeatedly, in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, decried as Russophobia the findings that Putin ordered interference in the 2016 US presidential election—even appearing on Fox News to do so. The very term “Russophobia” obfuscates the distinction between Vladimir Putin’s regime and Russia; the two clearly can’t be identified with one another... The distinction between left and right, he argues, will increasingly be replaced by the opposition between people who are pro-establishment and anti-establishment. But being anti-establishment is not a politics. It defends no clear set of values or principles. And it permits prevarication about the essential choice between criticizing and helping to reform liberal democracy from within or assisting in its demise. It encourages its partisans to take sides with a smaller, authoritarian state in order to check the power of the one whose establishment it opposes..."
"In their book Red Web: The Kremlin’s War on the Internet, the Russian investigative journalists Andrei Soldatov and Irina Borogan recounted the experiences of human rights activists who were summoned via an email purportedly from Snowden himself, to a meeting with him at Moscow airport when he surfaced there with Sarah Harrison, to find they were joining the heads of various pro-Kremlin “human rights” groups, Vladimir Lukin, the Putin-appointed Human Rights Commissioner of Russia, and the lawyers Anatoly Kucherena and Henri Reznik. It was clear to the independent activists that Kucherena had organized the meeting..."
"So whether we trust [Snowden] matters. It matters whether we view him as a bad actor, or as a well-intentioned whistleblower who has shown bad judgment, or as someone who has allowed himself to become an unwitting pawn of the Russians... In a 2016 lecture by video-link at Fusion’s Real Future Fair, Snowden discouraged his audience from pursuing the legal and political remedies that liberal democracies offer..."
"If there’s one thing Greenwald, Assange, and their followers got right, it’s that the United States became a tremendous economic and military power over the last seven decades. When it blunders in its foreign or domestic policy, the US has the capacity to do swift and unparalleled damage. The question then is whether this awesome power is better wielded by a liberal-democratic state in an arguably hypocritical way but with some restraint, or by an authoritarian one in a nakedly avowed way and with no restraint. In the five years since Snowden’s revelations, we have seen changes, particularly the election of Donald Trump with his undisguised admiration for strongmen, that compel us to imagine a possible authoritarian future for the United States," "Edward Snowden Reconsidered" (Tamsin Shaw, The New York Review of Books, 09/13/2018);

What should have been the ultimate piece on Glenn Greenwald (& still much more on Assange): 
"What’s astonishing about their ascent to heroism is the breadth of their support. The embrace of the antiwar left and the libertarian right was to be expected. But effusions of praise for the leakers can also be found throughout the liberal establishment..."
"Contrary to [Snowden's] claims, he seems to have become an anti-secrecy activist only after the White House was won by a liberal Democrat who, in most ways, represented everything that a right-wing Ron Paul admirer would have detested..."
"In several cases over a five-year span, Greenwald represented Matthew Hale, the head of the Illinois-based white-supremacist World Church of the Creator, which attracted a small core of violently inclined adherents... Greenwald’s other clients included the neo-Nazi National Alliance, who were implicated in an especially horrible crime. Two white supremacists on Long Island had picked up a pair of unsuspecting Mexican day laborers, lured them into an abandoned warehouse, and then clubbed them with a crowbar and stabbed them repeatedly. The day laborers managed to escape, and when they recovered from their injuries, they sued the National Alliance and other hate groups, alleging that they had inspired the attackers. Greenwald described the suit as a dangerous attempt to suppress free speech by making holders of “unconventional” views liable for the actions of others... most of [Greenwald's] writings, his critique of America abroad was congenial both to the isolationist paleo-Right and to post–New Left anti-imperialists... Along those lines, Greenwald found common ground with the upper echelons of right-wing free-market libertarianism... When bloggers confronted Greenwald about his associations with libertarians, the darling of the netroots and MSNBC left angrily batted the claims away as distortions. He need not have reacted so forcefully. Accused of working for Cato, for example, he might simply have said that he believed in addressing any organization that wanted to hear from him and left it at that. Instead, Greenwald attacked his critics as “McCarthyite” purveyors of “falsehoods, fabrications, and lies”..."
"In 2010, Greenwald began attacking the Obama administration from the left on a variety of domestic issues, attacking Wall Street corruption, opposing cuts to Social Security and Medicare, and decrying inequality. Yet even as he insisted on his left liberalism, he remained a steadfast promoter of Ron Paul—“far and away the most anti-war, anti-Surveillance-State, anti-crony-capitalism, and anti-drug-war presidential candidate in either party.” (After Paul’s son, then senatorial candidate Rand Paul, questioned the Civil Rights Act, Greenwald agreed with criticism that the remark was “wacky,” but insisted that the real “crazies” in American politics were mainstream Democrats and Republicans.)... During his political pilgrimage, Greenwald became consumed: For him, the national security apparatus is not just an important issue; it is the great burning issue of our time..."
"In the wake of the WikiLeaks frenzy, Assange often tried to clarify where he stood politically. His simultaneous embrace of leftist icons such as Noam Chomsky and right-wing libertarians seemed to indicate that he was open to ideas from either end of the political spectrum, so long as they were directed against authoritarianism. Finally, in 2013, Assange proclaimed, “The only hope as far as electoral politics presently... is the libertarian section of the Republican Party”... Yet even that declaration was misleading. In practice, Assange has a history of working closely with forces far more radical than the Republican Liberty Caucus. Late in 2012, Assange announced the formation of the WikiLeaks Party in Australia. It had been expected that WikiLeaks would ultimately throw its support to the Green Party—especially after the party’s National Council voted in favor of such a move. Instead, WikiLeaks aligned with a collection of far-right parties. One was the nativist Australia First, whose most prominent figure was a former neo-Nazi previously convicted of coordinating a shotgun attack on the home of an Australian representative of Nelson Mandela’s African National Congress. Members of the WikiLeaks Party blamed the flap on an “administrative error”; mass resignations from the party’s leadership followed. Those who quit cited a lack of transparency in the party’s operations, and some pointed to remarks Assange had made blasting a Green Party proposal to reform Australia’s harsh treatment of asylum seekers..."
"Snowden, Greenwald, and Assange have largely set the terms in the debate over transparency and privacy in America. But the value of some of their revelations does not mean that they deserve the prestige and influence that has been accorded to them," "Would You Feel Differently About Snowden, Greenwald, and Assange If You Knew What They Really Thought" (Sean Wilentz, The New Republic, 19/01/2014);

Misinformation Wars: "The Seven Commandments of Fake News" (Adam B. Ellick, Adam Westbrook and Jonah M. Kessel, The New York Times):