Thursday, December 13, 2018

5G?! internet of things & the crap... (AI Debunked &/or Your Own Titanic Odessa's steps)

Raffaello Santi's Angelo (1500-1501), Georges Méliès's A Trip to the Moon (1902);
Katja Kolm and Maria Dragus in Barbara Albert's Mademoiselle Paradis &/or Mesmer against Society of the Ugly Wigs (Austria/Germany, 2017), Tiziano Vecellio's Amor Sacro e Amor Profano (1514);
***For more invitations & photography see here;
James Bridle (from the Youtube & Verso website);

"It is happening now, an evolutionary advance that needed only the practical mapping of the nervous system onto digital memory. It would be the master thrust of cyber-capital, to extend the human experience toward infinity as a medium for corporate growth and investment, for the accumulation of profits and vigorous reinvestment"
(ironic—DeLillo, Cosmopolis)
"... what happens in today’s society, with its decline of the Master-Signifier and the rise of consumption, is the exact obverse: the basic fact is the loss of symbolic identity, what Eric Santner called the ‘‘crisis of investiture,’’ and what we get in exchange for this loss is that we are all bombarded with forms and gadgets of enjoyment... The key point here is that the expert rule of ‘biopolitics’ is grounded in and conditioned by the crisis of investiture; this crisis generated the ‘post-metaphysical’ survivalist stance of the Last Men, which ends up in an anemic spectacle of life dragging on as its own shadow."
Slavoj Zizek
"Malgré les secours que quelques cuistres célèbres ont apportés à la sottise naturelle de l'homme, je n'aurais jamais cru que notre patrie pût marcher avec une telle vélocité dans la voie du progrès. Ce monde a acquis une épaisseur de vulgarité qui donne au mépris de l'homme spirituel la violence d'une passion."
Charles Baudelaire (Préface des Fleurs)
"Il est encore une erreur fort à la mode, de laquelle je veux me garder comme de l'enfer. — Je veux parler de l'idée du progrès... Cette idée grotesque, qui a fleuri sur le terrain pourri de la fatuité moderne, a déchargé chacun de son devoir, délivré toute âme de sa responsabilité, dégagé la volonté de tous les liens que lui imposait l'amour du beau: et les races amoindries, si cette navrante folie dure longtemps, s'endormiront sur l'oreiller de la fatalité dans le sommeil radoteur de la décrépitude... Demandez à tout bon Français ce qu'il entend par progrès, il répondra que c'est la vapeur, l'électricité et l'éclairage au gaz, miracles inconnus aux Romains..."
Charles Baudelaire (Exposition uiverselle)
"On entre avec les Tarahumaras dans un monde terriblement anachronique et qui est un défi à ce temps. Mais j'ose dire que c'est tant pis pour ce temps et non tant pis pour les Tarahumaras."
"... en présence d'une race comme celle-là, nous pouvons par comparaison conclure que c'est la vie moderne qui se trouve en retard par rapport à quelque chose et non pas les Indiens Tarahumaras qui seraient en retard relativement au monde actuel. Ils savent que tout pas en avant, toute facilité acquise par la domination d'une civilisation purement physique implique aussi une perte, une régression... Les vraies traditions ne progressent pas puisqu'elles représentent le point le plus avancé de toute vérité."
A. Artaud (Trois textes à propos des Tarahumaras)
"[Ein wohlgerathner Mensch] reagirt auf alle Art Reize langsam, mit jener Langsamkeit, die eine lange Vorsicht und ein gewollter Stolz ihm angezüchtet haben, — er prüft den Reiz, der herankommt, er ist fern davon, ihm entgegenzugehn."
"... das Leben krank an diesem entmenschten Räderwerk und Mechanismus, an der 'Unpersönlichkeit' des Arbeiters, an der falschen Ökonomie der 'Theilung der Arbeit'. Der Zweck geht verloren, die Cultur: — das Mittel, der moderne Wissenschafts-Betrieb, barbarisirt..."
"The other houses of the street, conscious of decent lives within them, gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces... She asked me I was going to Araby... I could not find any sixpenny entrance and, fearing that the bazaar would be closed, I passed in quickly through a turnstile, handing a shilling to a weary-looking man... Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity; and my eyes burned with anguish and anger."
"So my relation to the Sex Pistols was a direct link to that existential angst-ridden early motive... By the dawn of the seventies, the philosophy was that you couldn't do anything without a lot of money. So my philosophy was back to, 'Fuck you, we don't care if we can't play and don't have very good instruments, we're still doing it because we think you're all a bunch of cunts. I think that's what really created the anger—the anger was simply about money, that the culture had become corporate, that we no longer owned it and everybody was desperate to fucking get it back."
Malcolm McLaren (Please Kill Me)
"Everyone's telling Debbie she's gonna be the next Farrah Fawcett, and she was saying that she didn't want to be Farrah Fawcett. All she wanted to do was sing."
James Sliman (Please Kill Me)
"They give this stuff to us just to keep us stoned, I don't even want it. You fucking take it. They just keep giving it to us! That's all the fucking guys give us! They want, they want, they want, and for that they give us this shit! James, this is for you, I don't even want it, my hotel room is full of it."
Blondie/James Sliman (Please Kill me)
"... and I just couldn't stop looking at her, because I was so fascinated-but-horrified. Her hands kept crawling, they couldn't sleep, they couldn't stay still..."
The Philosophy of Andy Warhol
"It seems the electronic brain went berserk playing six-dimensional chess with the Technician and released every subject in the Reconditioning Center."
William S. Burroughs
"... la quotidienneté d'une période marquée par la précarité et l'instabilité du tempo des collectivités locales en proie à l'effroi causé par les dégâts d'un progrès technologique interactif qui n'est jamais que celui d'un délirant empressement, voir d'un emportement collectif qui n'est autre que celui d'une panique soudain devenue pandémique, occasionnée par l'effet de réel d'une accélération de l'information..."
Paul Virilio
"This society has produced all sorts of discoveries and technology, but if it leads to destruction, either through war or through devastation of natural resources, then it will have been the least successful society that ever existed."
David Bohm (interview)
"... if particle physics was solved then there was nothing left for high energy physics theorists to do. Unwilling to pack their bags and leave the field... [they] began to look around for a new far-out cult to believe in... many made their offerings at the shrine of grand unification..."
Andrew Pickering
"If the momentum of science gets absorbed into technology, we end up with 'extended present.' A technical product, as everybody expects, has to fulfil the purpose implemented in its construction. It is first and foremost an answering machine..."
Hans-Jörg Rheinberger
"... nothing succeeds like success..."
Maxim (quoted by Hacking, Why is there philosophy of Mathematics at all)
"... c'est un fait que les faibles triomphent; c'est même l'essence du fait..."
Deleuze, Nietzsche et la philosophie
"... aucun progrès ne permet d'ignorer que jamais, en chiffre absolu, jamais autant d'hommes, de femmes et d'enfants n'ont été asservis, affamés ou exterminés sur la terre."
Jacques Derrida, Spectres de Marx
"Felicità Eterna is a resplendently beautiful, blonde young woman whose nudity denotes her contempt for perishable earthly things... Felicità Breve is a lady whose dress yellow and white signifies satisfaction. She is adorned with precious stones and holding a vessel full of gold and gems."
"Quando as pessoas pensam em consumo, às vezes pensam em consumismo, como se o crescimento do consumo se refletisse no que é supérfluo. Isso ignora a realidade do Brasil, a miséria de milhões de pessoas excluídas do mercado consumidor e que têm um padrão de vida muito mais baixo do que seria digno. Quando essas pessoas não estão gastando todo o dinheiro que ganham para se alimentar, tendem a consumir mais coisas. Um cabeleireiro, cultura, restaurante, serviços. Bens essenciais para que passem do nível da pobreza. São eletrodomésticos básicos, geladeiras, celulares. As pessoas olham para esse período de redistribuição de renda na base [durante o governo Lula], que teve muito esse consumo, e acham que isso é condenável. Eu acho que isso é parte sim do que a economia brasileira precisa para ser retomada, o que não não significa que eu defenda o modelo de capitalismo mundial, que fica incentivando a troca de bens tecnológicos. São coisas diferentes."
Laura Carvalho (Revista Trip)

Artificial Intelligence (i. e.  Mechanical Bêtise/Unvernunft) Debunked:

twenty years later, this should sound like a collection of platitudes, but it really doesn't:
"The human nervous system does not process any information (in the sense of discrete elements existing ready-made in the outside world, to be picked up by the cognitive system), but interacts with the environment by continually modulating its structure... certain tasks should never be left to computers..."
"'... those of us who have contributed to the new science of cybernetics... stand in a moral position which is, to say the least, not very comfortable. We have contributed to the initiation of a new science which embraces technical developments with great possibilities for good and for evil... Let us remember that the automatic machine is the precise economic equivalent of slave labor. Any labor which competes with slave labor must accept the economic conditions of slave labor' [Norbert Wiener, 1946]..."
"... computers and the many other information technologies developed in the meantime are rapidly becoming autonomous and totalitarian, redefining our basic concepts and eliminating alternative worldviews... all forms of culture are being subordinated to technology, and technological innovation, rather than the increase in human well-being, has become synonymous with progress..."
"This spiritual impoverishment and loss of cultural diversity through excessive use of computers is especially serious in the field of education... the powerful computer industry... encourages teachers to use computers as educational tools at all levels... The use of computers in schools is based on the now outdated view of human beings as information processors, which continually reinforces erroneous mechanistic concepts of thinking, knowledge, and communication. Ideas are integrating patterns that derive not from information but from experience..."
"In the computer model of cognition... language is seen as a conduit through which 'objective' information is communicated. In reality... language is metaphoric, conveying tacit understandings shared within culture. In this connection it is also important to note that the language used by computer scientists and engineers is full of metaphors derived from the military—command, escape, fail-safe, pilot, target, and so on—which introduce cultural biases, reinforce stereotypes, and inhibit certain groups..."
"... when an animal is study while it is awake and behaving... its neural responses can no longer be interpreted in terms of stage-by-stage information processing... the most ordinary visual tasks, even by tiny insects, are done faster than is physically possible when simulated sequentially...  a shift in focus, from symbols to connectivity, from local rules to global coherence... from information processing to emergent properties of neural networks... nonlinear mathematics... the living system also specifies which perturbations from the environment trigger [structural changes]... even a bacterial brings forth a world of warmth and coldness, of magnetic fields and chemical gradients... Francisco Varela describes cognition as embodied action..."
****Everything from Fritjof Capra's The Web of Life (1998, p. 68-71, 265-68).

"A fair amount of recent philosophy of mind and cognitive science has emphasized the non-conceptual or aconceptual aspect of the human mind... For a physicalist it is natural to ask what the proposed physical or computational concomitants of such aconceptual mental processes might be. Connectionist models are one candidate for the computational concomitants. But, as e.g. Pauli Pylkkö [The Aconceptual Mind: Heideggerian Themes in Holistic Naturalism, 1998] has pointed out, these are (mostly) mechanically computable and thus deterministic. They are thus an implausible candidate to be the physical aspect of a truly non-mechanical level of aconceptual mental processes," Paavo Pylkkänen's "Fundamental Physics and the Mind – Is There a Connection?" (in H. Atmanspacher's, C. Bergomi's, T. Filk's, K. Kitto's, Quantum Interaction 2014: 8th International Conference, Filzbach, Switzerland, June 30 - July 3, 2014);

Clipping & More:

'the colonisation of everyday life by information processing...'
'The internet of things isn’t a single technology. About all that connects the various devices, services, vendors and efforts involved is the end goal they serve: capturing data that can then be used to measure and control the world around us.'
'Ask restaurateurs and front-of-house workers what they think of OpenTable, for example, and you will swiftly learn that one person’s convenience is another’s accelerated pace of work, or worse. You’ll learn that restaurants offering reservations via the service are, according to the website Serious Eats, “required to use the company’s proprietary floor-management system, which means leasing hardware and using OpenTable-specific software”, and that OpenTable retains ownership of all the data generated in this way. You’ll also learn that OpenTable takes a cut on reservations per seated diner, which obviously adds up to a significant amount on a busy night.'
'... the largely preconscious valuations, priorities and internalised beliefs of the people who devised Google Home. As throughout the industry, that is a remarkably homogeneous cohort of young designers and engineers. But more important than the degree of similarity they bear to one another is how different they are from everyone else.'
'Internet-of-things devices are generally conceived by people who have completely assimilated services such as Uber, Airbnb and Apple Pay into their daily lives, at a time when figures from the Washington DC-based Pew Research Center suggest that a significant percentage of the population has never used or even heard of them.'
'...the main problem with the virtual assistant is that it fosters an approach to the world that is literally thoughtless, leaving users disinclined to sit out any prolonged frustration of desire, and ever less critical about the processes that result in gratification,' *****Rise of the machines: who is the ‘internet of things’ good for? (The Guardian) (if you read the entire article you are going to realize that Adam Greenfield's criticism is still greyfully & disgracefully mild, because definitely no, 'it wouldn't be foolish to dismiss' the internet of things' rhetoric out of hand, we should have done that already; it is just pseudo-innovation, it doesn't even make the best of what we have in AI, it doesn't improve the world, it doesn't give you more time, instead, it helps big corporations to keep things structurally the way they've been, stealing the little time you've been left with, stimulating your complacent laziness and passivity);

'The communications industry could use 20% of all the world’s electricity by 2025, hampering attempts to meet climate change targets and straining grids as demand by power-hungry server farms storing digital data from billions of smartphones, tablets and internet-connected devices grows exponentially.'
'The industry has long argued that it can considerably reduce carbon emissions by increasing efficiency and reducing waste, but academics are challenging industry assumptions.'
'A 2016 Berkeley laboratory report for the US government estimated the country’s data centres, which held about 350m terabytes of data in 2015, could together need over 100TWh of electricity a year by 2020. This is the equivalent of about 10 large nuclear power stations.'
'The data will be stored in vast new one million square feet or larger “hyper-scale” server farms, which companies are now building. The scale of these farms is huge; a single $1bn Apple data centre planned for Athenry in Co Galway, expects to eventually use 300MW of electricity, or over 8% of the national capacity and more than the daily entire usage of Dublin. It will require 144 large diesel generators as back up for when the wind does not blow,' *****‘Tsunami of data’ could consume one fifth of global electricity by 2025 (The Guardian) (cf. ''Much work needed' to make digital economy environmentally sustainable,' The Guardian);

'Programmed to learn through trial and error, it shows just how difficult it is to teach a robot to complete a simple chore that we can do without thinking. This clumsy steel toddler may be at the cutting edge of AI and robotics, but here it struggles to even do the laundry. Domination by our robot overlords seems a safe way off.'
'Most of the domestic items on show... are seemingly geared towards the same end: saving us time [great! but why should we all have to live in such a tearing hurry first of all no one asks]... But these labour-saving devices have increasingly been revealed to be serving a different purpose: the collection of masses of monetisable data. Simply by going about our business in our voluntarily surveilled homes, we are unwittingly carrying out huge amounts of valuable market research for the tech companies and online retailers waiting to sell us more stuff,' *****Drunken droids and solar-powered shirts: what the smarthome will look like (The Guardian);

'With more than 6m CCTV cameras in the UK, and 420,000 in London, we are primed to think that facial recognition technology is like CCTV and any concerns are soothed by arguing that “if we have nothing to hide, we nothing to fear” and that it’s worth sacrificing privacy and civil liberties if it helps to catch criminals. This misses the dangers that this technology poses. It does not work as well on people with darker skins, women and children – well over half the population – who are at risk of being misidentified and having to prove their innocence. This violates a core tenet of living in a liberal democracy – that we are innocent until proved guilty,' *****Facial recognition is now rampant. The implications for our freedom are chilling (Stephanie Hare/The Guardian);

'A few weeks ago, I received a letter from a worker at a British private airport. “I see things that really shouldn’t be happening in 2019,” he wrote. Every day he sees Global 7000 jets, Gulfstream G650s and even Boeing 737s take off from the airport carrying a single passenger, mostly flying to Russia and the US. The private Boeing 737s, built to take 174 passengers, are filled at the airport with around 25,000 litres of fuel. That’s as much fossil energy as a small African town might use in a year. Where are these single passengers going?' *****For the sake of life on Earth, we must put a limit on wealth (George Monbiot, The Guardian)

The Very Good News and/or when you realize people are not that stupid lazy bitches corporations take them to be (there should be more, but even The Guardian is only complacently critical, after all, what would be of voracious countries like ex-imperialist England without a global army of addicts and their unspeakable swarm of infantile-demential global gadgets?):

Parallel topics (on the total idiocy of the contemporary consumer, yes you get your glorious genetic physician together with trash food, so the 0,001% become richer & richer and everyone is a consummate imbecil totally lost in the void):
'... the profits in olive oil crime are, as one EU official puts it, "comparable to cocaine trafficking, with none of the risks", and the regulations less effective than at any time in the last two millennia.'
'They got rich on the back of the incomprehensible twist in European law that, until 2001, allowed any olive oil bottled in Italy to be sold as "Italian olive oil", which, absurdly, is what we all pay most for. In fact, even now 80% of the oil Bertolli uses comes from Spain, North Africa and the Middle East. It it is still flogged in bottles with "Lucca" and "Passione Italiana" on the label. Today, Italy still sells three times as much oil as it produces.'
'"Gentle", "smooth" and "not peppery on the throat" are the sort of words Bertolli and its rivals used in ads promoting their generic extra virgin oil. But true extra virgin oil is peppery – it bites the back of the throat so fiercely it can make you cough. The flavours are vivid.'
'But you could tell the same story of almost any artisan's product we put in our mouths, from bacon to cheddar cheese or smoked salmon. Industrial production techniques and the supermarket's tendency to strip out quality in order to give "value" will debase any foodstuff once it becomes popular to the point where the producer has to abuse his animals, sin against tradition or commit fraud in order to stay afloat,' Extra Virginity: The Sublime and Scandalous World of Olive Oil by Tom Mueller – review (The Guardian) (cf. Extra virgin '100% real' olive oil goes on sale in UK, The Guardian);

And just in case you don't wanna be the-next-plastic-homogeneous-hermetically-sealed-downright-stereotypical-immutable-imortal-unbreakable-impervious-doll:
'This newfound embrace of grey hair is, according to Prof Dr Carolyn Mair, who specialises in the psychology of fashion, an extension of the “anti anti-ageing movement that is taking hold”. She notes that “this outward display of self-acceptance and self-confidence brings a sense of empowerment and authenticity,' Glad to be grey: how women changed the debate on hair colour, (The Guardian);

What looks like an interesting book (unfortunately I didn't as yet read): '... we are lost in a sea of information, increasingly divided by fundamentalism, simplistic narratives, conspiracy theories, and post-factual politics. Meanwhile, those in power use our lack of understanding to further their own interests. Despite the apparent accessibility of information, we’re living in a new Dark Age,' James Bridle's New Dark Age (Verso, 2018);

Some history, philosophy & child psychology: 

"... the big acceleration towards microelectronics did indeed begin with the invention of the integrated circuit, when at first small and later large circuits were formed on a single chip fo silicon. The net result was systems far larger and far more complex than could even have been dreamed of before..."
"The forerunner of today's devices was the point-contact transistor made by John Bardeen and Walter Brattain at Bell Laboratories in December 1947, hailed by some as the most important invention of the 20th century..."
"Within ten years the transistor itself underwent massive changes and emerged in new applications in integrated circuits (ICs)..."
"... the key to the whole future of semiconductor work was the planar process developed by the new Fairchild Semiconductor Company from 1958 to 1960."
"... silicon integrated circuit... enabled miniaturization to be pushed to such limits that the essential components of a computer that would outperform ENIAc (one of the first digital electronic computers, which occupied a volume of over 100m3) could be held easily in one hand..."
"The U.S. military proved to be a major marked for electronics as well as a major source of finance as the nation went through the Cold War, the space race, and the Vietnam war."
"In twenty years the industry's most complex devices have changed from chips containing one component in 1959, to about 10 in 1964, about 1000 in 1969, about 32000 by the mid seventies, and around 250000 by the late seventies... Costs have also fallen dramatically... The industry may run out of adjectives if the trend continues, though some see signs that economic limits are being approached..."
"... electronic computers have given us undreamt of powers for 'number crunching' and logical manipulation..."
"... in 1843... Charles Babbage was at work designing an 'analytical engine,' the first design for a genuine computer. It was to be a full-scale, general-purpose mechanical computer with a memory, arithmetic unit, Jacquard-type punched cards for input and output, and card-controlled programs that allowed iteration and conditional branching... This machine was never built partly because of Babbage's hunt for perfection and partly because of the limitations of the mechanical engineering of the day; but the design incorporated the major features of today's digital computers except that they were to be achieved mechanically instead of by electronics... Lady Lovelace, daughter of Lord Byron, worked closely with Babbage and today is honoured with the title of the world's first computer programmer..."
"... digital computers are the successors to the abacus and Babbage's Analytical Engine..."
"Programming a computer involves breaking down the problem to be solved into small steps and then instructing the machine how to perform them. Around the time of the French Revolution a famous French engineer called M. R. de Prony, who is also remembered for his dynamometer, was given the task of calculating a vast set of mathematical tablets that were to be bigger and better than any previously made or even conceived. He solved this immense problem by using a handful of mathematicians who broke the work down into relatively simple tasks of addition and subtraction, which were then performed by a small army of mathematical slaves. In a sense Prony had programmed a computer of around 90 people."
****Everything from W. A. Atherton's From Compass to Computer (1984, p. 237-304).
[Besides all the mysterious mystifying names, one should note that all the hardware developments referred above depend on insights going back to Faraday's experiments with electricity and magnetism, later mathematised by Maxwell. Further innovations rely also in paradoxical theories such as quantum mechanics, but the overall approach has always been mainly computational, that is, derived from a mechanistic and stereotypical, that is, ROUGH, if not primitive understanding of information processing processes. Or perhaps, to be really fair, it is better to say that what seems most refined depends on the systematic linear repetition of the same strategy of approximation (that is never itself refined): "The proposition that whatever can be expressed by means of an irrational sequence is susceptible of representation by means of a sequence of rational numbers is of fundamental importance. It assigns to rational numbers a special role in the theory. Inasmuch as any real number [including irrationals and transcendentals] can be expressed by infinite convergent rational sequences, the rational domain, reinforced by the concepts of convergence and limit, will suffice to found arithmetic, and through arithmetic the theory of functions, which is the cornerstone of modern mathematics... this fact is of just as great importance in applied mathematics. Since any rational sequence can be represented as an infinite decimal series, all computations may be systematized. By limiting himself to a certain number of decimal places, the computer may obtain a rational approximation to any irrational or transcendental problem. And what is more, the degree of accuracy of this procedure not only can be readily estimated, but even assigned in advance," Tobias Dantzig, Number: the language of science (2007, p. 159). Even if our own minds operate just like computers, would it not be much more interesting to focus on the reverse side, on the total nonlinear transfiguration of the entire process?]

Even High Energy Physics detectors, including accelerators and colliders "are only sensitive to electrically charged particles, since in different ways they all register the disruption produced by such particles in their passage through matter," Andrew Pickering, Constructing Quarks (1984, p. 24).  

"In 1936, Alan Turing showed that no mechanical procedure could solve the 'halting problem.' The halting problem is the question of wether a given computer program will eventually stop. A real number is computable if there is a computer program for calculating its digits one by one. Surprisingly, almost all real numbers are not computable," Amir D. Aczel, The Mystery of the Aleph (2000, p. 224).

"The noun 'algorithm' and the adjectives 'computable, 'recursive', and 'effective' are all used by mathematicians to denote the mechanical operations that can be performed by theoretical machines of this type—the Turing machines," Roger Penrose, The Emperor's New Mind (1989, p. 47); "... the complete details of the complication of the structure of Mandelbrot's set cannot really be fully comprehended by any one of us, nor can it be fully revealed by any computer. It would seem that this structure is not just part of our minds, but it has a reality of its own... The Mandelbrot set is not an invention of the human mind: it was a discovery," Penrose (p. 95); "... in certain sense, the complement of the Mandelbrot set (i.e. the white region) is recursively enumerable. If the complex number c is in the white region, then there is an algorithm for ascertaining the fact. What about the Mandelbrot set itself—the black region? Is there an algorithm for telling for sure that a point suspected to be in the black region is in fact in the black region? The answer to this question seems to be unknown, at present," Penrose (p. 125); "... in fact when a neuron 'fires' it emits a whole sequence of such pulses in quick succession. Even when a neuron is not activated, it emits pulses, but only at a slow rate. When it fires, it is the frequency of these successive pulses which increase enormously... The interconnections between neurons are not in fact fixed, as they would be in the above computer model, but are changing all the time," Penrose (p. 395-96); "... the kind of obviousness that a child can see—tough that child may, in later life, become browbeaten into believing that the obvious problems are 'non-problems'... What happens to each of our streams of consciousness after we die; where was it before each was born; might we become, or have been, someone else; why do we perceive at all; why are we here; why is there a universe here at all in which we can actually be? These are puzzles that tend to come with the awakenings of awareness in any one of us—and, no doubt, with the awakening of genuine self-awareness, within whichever creature or other entity it first came," Penrose (p. 448).


"Physics employs sophisticated mathematical models of physical situations. Economists also construct complicated models. They run computer simulations of gigantic structures they call 'the economy' to try to figure out what will happen next or in ten years' time. The economists are as incapable of understanding the reasoning of the physicist as most physicists are of making sense of modern econometrics. Yet they are both using what we call mathematics, and the skills are to some extent transferable. Witness the post-Cold War exodus of high-energy physics PhDs to Goldman-Sachs (etc.) a few years before the near collapse of the global banking system," Ian Hacking, Why is there Philosophy of Mathematics at all? (2014 p. 51).

And also:  


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