Friday, February 15, 2019

two sentences, the dogma of semantic uniformity & alchemy (or how not to use the method of shouting to close a window)






Der fürchterliche Pauli as a young student (picture taken from the Internet/CERN);
Duchamp in Maya Deren's Witch's Cradle (1943);
The Dimension of Dali (Joan Úbeda & Susi Marquès, 2004); 
The Devil & Father Amorth (William Friedkin, 2018);

"People sometimes say that the way things happen in the movies is unreal, but actually it's the way things happen to you in life that's unreal."
The Philosophy of Andy Warhol
"Para ela a realidade era demais para ser acreditada."
Clarice Lispector (A Hora da Estrela)
"And the Gods stand by and marvel..."
Whistler
"Dieu est un scandale, — un scandale qui rapporte."
Baudelaire (Fusées)
"Too many shadows whispering voices
Faces on posters too many choices..."
Pet Shop Boys
"Chance, to be precise, is a leap, provides a leap out of reach of one's own grasp of oneself."
John Cage (45' for a Speaker)

"Pode o céu produzir flores,
A terra estrelas criar..."
Cancioneiro Guasca
"Nem mesmo sabemos onde habita agora o que é vivo, o que ele é, como se chama."
Memórias do Subsolo (tradução Boris Schnaiderman)
"... olho para ela e é como se no escuro ela também olhasse para mim, não se mexe."
Dária Oníssimovna (tradução Paulo Bezerra)
"... across the great brown river where whole trees float with green snakes in the branches and sad-eyed lemurs watch the shore out over a vast plain..."
W. S. Burroughs
"And maybe wisdom and madness do look very similar, at some point."
Monica Gagliano (Do Plants Have Something to Say? NYTimes)
"Le monde n'est ni vrai, ni réel, mais vivant."
Gilles Deleuze (Nietzsche et la philosophie)

"But those infinities are perhaps not inevitable... I regard Peirce's hypostatization as name magic, Wittgenstein's alchemy."
Ian Hacking
"'Delusion' is such a word; its very vagueness helps by preventing us from seeing to the bottom of it. The two con­ceptions of reality and of deception are mingled in it, and perhaps the mingling has more justification than we know, and is less strange in nature than it is to our downright processes of thought."
Thomas Mann (An Experience in the Occult/H. T. Lowe-Porter translation)
"En faisant de la volonté l'essence des choses ou le monde vu du dedans, on refuse en principe la distinction de deux mondes: c'est le même monde qui est sensible et suprasensible."
Gilles Deleuze (Nietzsche et la philosophie)
"Mais tout cela est suffisant pour faire toucher du doigt une différence bien plus grande encore, celle qui sépare l'Occident moderne de tous ces peuples du présent et du passé qui n'ont pas jugé nécessaire de procéder à une naturalisation du monde."
Philippe Descola

"... car loin de croire le surnaturel, le divin inventé par l'homme je pense que c'est l'intervention millénaire de l'homme qui a fini par nous corrompre le divin."
"Le vieux totémisme des bêtes, des pierres, des objets chargés de foudre, des costumes bestialement imprégnés, tout ce qui sert en un mot à capter, à diriger, et à dériver des forces..."
"... les idées claires sont, au théâtre comme partout ailleurs, des idées mortes et terminées."
Antonin Artaud

"Commodum limen evaserant, et fores ad pristinum statum integrae resurgunt: cardines ad foramina residunt, postes ad repagula redeunt, ad claustra pessuli recurrunt..."
"At ille, odore alioquin spurcissimi humoris percussus quo me Lamiae illae infecerant, vehementer aspernatur..."
"Verum tamen et ipse per somnium iugulari visus sum mihi, nam et iugulum istum dolui et cor ipsum mihi avelli putavi, et nunc etiam spiritu deficior et genua quatior et gradu titubo et aliquid cibatus refovendo spirito desidero."
Apuleius 

"Às duas da manhã o preso, que até então se mantivera surpreendentemente calmo e até adormecera, súbito começou a gritar, passou a esmurrar freneticamente a porta, com uma força antinatural arrancou da janelinha da porta a grade de ferro, quebrou o vidro e cortou as mãos..."
"Liámchin começou a gritar com uma voz que não era de gente, mas de algum animal."
Dostoiévski (Os Demônios, tradução de Paulo Bezerra)
"Y un día, cuando harto de caminar por las tierras que están a la orilla de la nuestra, entré por un sendero bordeado de lustros y descubrí mi casa y salí a la calle, la gente descubrió que jo estaba desnudo porque posiblemente no veía mi traje de capitán acusándome, además, de homicidio y pederasta."
Roberto Arlt (El traje del fantasma)
"Le phénomène 'Rachel' qui n'opère dans aucun espace-temps n'est pas compréhensible, pas plus  que ne le sont les plus petits éléments en physique."
Anselm Kiefer (L'Art survivra à ses ruines)

"... si tout à l'heure je trouvais que Bergotte avait dit faux en parlant des joies de la vie spirituelle, c'était parce que j'appelais 'vie spirituelle', à ce moment-là, des raisonnements logiques qui étaient sans rapport avec elle..."
"... il y avait peut-être sous ces signes quelque chose de tout autre que je devais tâcher de découvrir, une pensée qu'ils traduisaient à la façon de ces caractères hiéroglyphique que on croirait représenter seulement des objets matériels... un grimoire compliqué et fleuri..."
"... sans laisser de côté ces mystères qui n'ont probablement leur explication que dans d'autres mondes et dont le pressentiment est ce qui nous émeut le plus dans la vie et dans l'art."
Marcel Proust (le narrateur)

"... ich bin, um es in Räthselform auszudrücken, als mein Vater bereits gestorben, als meine Mutter lebe ich noch und werde alt."
"Ich schätze den Werth von Menschen, von Rassen darnach ab, wie nothwendig sie den Gott nicht abgetrennt vom Satyr zu verstehen wissen..."
Nietzsche (Ecce Homo)
"Ein solcher Gott muss nützen un schaden können, muss Freund und Feind sein können—man bewundert ihn im Guten wie in Schlimmen. Die widernatürliche Kastration eines Gottes zu einem Gotte bloss des Guten läge hier ausserhalb aller Wünschbarkeit."
"Das ist es nicht, was uns abscheidet, dass wir keinen Gott wiederfinden, weder in der Geschichte, noch in der Natur, noch hinter der Natur—sondern dass wir, was als Gott verehrt wurde, nicht als 'göttlich', sondern als erbarmungswürdig, als absurd, als schädlich empfinden, nicht nur als Irrtum, sondern als Verbrechen am Leben... Wir leugnen Gott als Gott..."
Nietzsche (Der Antichrist)
"Et que de dieux sont encore possibles! Je ne douterais point de l'existence de toutes sortes de dieux..."
Nietzsche (traduit par Klossowski)
**************************************************************

Two sentences:


"There are at least three perfect numbers greater than 17."
"There are at least three large cities older than New York."
- from Ian Hacking's Why is there Philosophy of Mathematics at all (Cambridge, 2014, p. 216-17);
From the dogma of semantic uniformity: 
Both sentences are to be analysed in the same way [also from Hacking's Why is there Philosophy of Mathematics, p. 217, but Hacking doesn't subscribe to the dogma, he derides it]. 
What is semantic uniformity, standard semantics, denotational semantics? Something that is at odds with a minimal insightful understanding of mathematics. Something that is at odds with a minimal insightful understanding of "natural languages" (and moreover, who said that languages such as English not to speak Portuguese or Polish and even Hungarian are supposed to be natural?!): 
"Nobody who takes Wittgenstein seriously is likely to agree to denotational [or referential] semantics applied to mathematics," Hacking's Why is there Philosophy of Mathematics, p. 218 [and even more important: "As his philosophy evolved, Wittgenstein absolutely rebelled against the uniformity-of-semantics premise"] [aside on Sir Peter Frederick Strawson: "expressions have meanings, while we use some expressions to refer," "Strawson's lesson, that words do not refer, but that speakers use words to refer, seems to have been largely forgotten," Hacking, p. 219];

Brewing the alchemy [but that against semantic uniformity & in favour of Python Gored Naturalism]: 


- what is 17?
- what is New York?
- what is a perfect number?
- what is a large city?
- what are numbers?
- what are cities?
- what is an object?
- what is an entity?
...
→ there are things, real things (although not all things are like that) which we are acquainted with and with which we don't have causal relations [for example, some mathematical stuff &/or phenomena related to non-locality];

"... it is very much a philosopher's view that the only objects there are are physical or material objects, or regions of space-time, or whatever it is that philosophers tell us... to maintain that there aren't any numbers at all because numbers are abstract and not physical objects seems like a demented way to show respect for physics, which of course everyone admires," George Boolos, as quoted by Hacking, Why is there Philosophy of Mathematics at all.
"We are of divine species," Dedekind as quoted by Hacking, Why is there Philosophy of Mathematics at all.

***More on the dogma of semantic uniformity, or an expatiation on how to accommodate Python Gored Naturalism with Styles of Scientific Reasoning & Pedestrian Reality: "... when facing this possibility of using the notion of styles of thinking to address so diversified kinds of human undertakings, a special point must be considered. Hacking is not saying that in order to point to truth or falsehood every proposition depends on some kind of style of thinking. He “rejects any uniform all-purpose semantics,” and the “idea that a uniform theory of truth or of meaning should apply across the board to an entire language”... In contrast to sentences that would depend on styles of thinking in order to point to truth or falsehood, Hacking refers to “the boring utterances that crop up in almost any language, and which make radical translation relatively easy.” He refers to “propositions that have a sense for almost all human beings,” and to the “boring domains of ‘observations’ that we share with all people as people.” As an example of such an observation, Hacking suggests the proposition “my skin is warm”... It is possible to sustain that even the most apparently obvious propositions are in any case theory-laden. But the conflation of Hacking’s distinction between more and less sophisticated kinds of propositions would imply a very implausible oversimplification of the way real people use language. Under normal viewing conditions, no one would even think much less utter a proposition such as this table is brown, so obvious people take to be its meaning... Someone could perfectly say, however, this chair is made of Brazilian rosewood, and this would make sense exactly for denoting some kind of expertise. We can understand the first sentence as not depending on any specific style whatsoever, and capable of being understood straightforwardly by most people just by the use of the most elementary discursive and perceptual abilities. The second sentence demands the use of other skills, which do not have to be styles of thinking, but only a slightly more elaborated and technical use of elementary discursive and perceptual abilities. Finally, another sentence could be added in order to extend the comparison: the heat which has the refrangibility of the red rays is occasioned by the light of those rays... This latter sentence demands the use of styles of thinking, because it mentions concepts and types of objects (refrangibility, rays) which would not even exist for people unless they are engaged in certain specific and complex practices by which these concepts and objects are made possible... Ultimately, the problem with saying that everything is theory-laden [this is the core of Hacking's criticism of theory-laden armchair infatuation] is that this position undermines elementary distinctions that constitute human discursive practices—elementary distinctions such as between on the one hand saying, telling, giving an account of something, and on the other hand doing something. A person might just say to another that he or she feels cold and wants the window to be closed, but unless one goes over there and effectively interacts with the window the cold will not merely disappear just by saying close the window no matter how loudly you shout. Perhaps the cold goes away if you are Brian de Palma’s Carrie (1976), but what makes Carrie a Carrie either in movies or in real life (supposing there might be such a thing) is that her thought and talk are imbued with a special sui generis power that is faraway more effective than ordinary people’s thought and talk (and even limbs). You would still need distinctions between thinking, saying, and doing in order to make any sense of Carrie. Differences between things such as mental states, sentences, and external objects are all constitutive and germane to what is here called styles of thinking. Without such elementary distinctions, there is not much to be done with a sentence such as the heat which has the refrangibility of the red rays is occasioned by the light of those rays," Alessandro Zir, Luso-Brazilian Encounters of the Sixteenth-Century (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2011, p. 6-7). 

Getting Wolfgang Pauli & the naive Portuguese, as a plus: 


"Generally speaking scientists are no Carries, though there might have been a few registered but far less noxious cases such as Wolfgang Pauli and the Pauli effect," Alessandro Zir, The Sixteenth-Century Corpus of the Portuguese Colonizers of Brazil (Dalhousie, PhD thesis) [the paragraph of this sentence (which refers also to Ludwik Fleck) wasn't incorporated in the book Luso-Brazilian Encounters published in 2011 by FDU Press—an incident not necessarily ranking as a fatal blow to die Geissel Gottes' scholarship (I'm positive)].
"Sérgio Buarque de Holanda remarks that the Portuguese were naive realist people. Their realism would come exactly from their credulity, which would be, as he defines it, “a radical gentleness and passivity in face of reality” that “does not deny Nature infinite possibilities” and the supernatural... If this is correct, the Portuguese would be people capable of recognizing the most strange things in nature, without having to deny all the humdrum propositions that make sense to most people, including people having no sensibility whatsoever to apparitions of monsters and the devil. Besides seeing devils and monsters, the Portuguese would not have any difficulty and do not invoke anything spiritual in order to answer a simple question such as are you cold? They also never use the method of shouting in order to close windows," Alessandro Zir, Luso-Brazilian Encounters of the Sixteenth-Century (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2011, p. 6-7). 

More on Pauli: 
"Pauli was never what our expert in didactics would call a good lecturer. Nevertheless he was an inspiring and intoxicating teacher. In particular when he was not too well prepared (this happened not infrequently), one could experience the spirit in statu nascendi, and this was awesome. With his ruthless demand for precision and lucidity Pauli never intended to hurt his students or colleagues. His sharp tongue notwithstanding, his criticism was always honest and reflected not only his dislike of half-truths but also his demonic depths... In despite of his critical stance, he was certainly not one of these petty reasoning minds which cannot endure any paradoxes," Harald Atmanspacher's & Hans Primas's "The Hidden Side of Wolfgang Pauli," Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3, 2, 1996, pp. 112-26. 

More on fairies & witches:
"I'm hitting art from both sides of the brain. I used to be really into math and science in school, I was a bit of a nerd. I was into quantum physics and all the strange magic that exists there. All of the ideas that an intuitive mind might come up with can be proven on a microscopic scientific level. I saw my fairy godmother the other day. We were talking about the future and I was stressed out, and she was like, "Just remember you're a witch." It was so cool to hear her say that in a chill way, just a casual thing to say. Ever since I was little I believed in stuff beyond what I could see. You could also just call that having an imagination, but I believed so much in it and how to manifest all of my dreams," India Salvor Menuez (Vice interview);

See also:
- actual infinite falling (against Carlo Rovelli's pseudo-problem);
- the odd transformation of Der Herr Warum (Gödel with Resnais);
the only three types of ingenuity;
- why self-help books are not to be dismissed;
- the most auspicious tetrahedron;
- what is REAL space? what is REAL number?
- Timothy Leary in the 1990s;
- 5G?! Get real...
- list of charming scientists/engineers;
- pick a soul (ass you wish);
- view from Berthe Trépat's apartment;
- list des déclencheurs musicaux;
Dark Consciousness;
- The Doors of Perception;
Structuralism, Poststructuralism;
List des figures du chaos primordial (Deleuze);
- Brazilian Perspectivism (Viveiros de Castro vs. Haroldo de Campos);
- Piano Playing (Kochevitsky);
- L'Affirmation de l'âne (review of Smolin/Unger's The Singular Universe);
And also:

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